Research Draft on the Internet of Things and UAS Design: Importance of Human Role
Virtual and reality is spatial distribution is slowly coming together into an integrated space due to the evolution of devices and the fast growth of internet. Therefore, a discussion on the spatial growth and interaction within this space cannot be complete discussion when the internet of things and mobility of communication is not considered.
It is matter of prioritization of efficiency and effectiveness that when considering design of UAS (unmanned aerial systems) as it is essential in definition of security, information privacy and confidential within the conceptualization of needs (Whitmore, Agarwal, & Da, 2014). This paper looks at the developing controls in place that is taken into account to ensure that human input is within a defined spectrum of functional and operational integration in remedial solutions.
According to Lu and Da Xu, (2018), heterogeneity and protection are main consideration in the IoT (internet of things) because it helps in accounting for the architectural, delivery, and integration through trend analysis of these critical areas. Therefore, what is the role of humans and restriction applied during design, protection, and security setup in UAS development? How is the internet development affecting the role of human in UAS development especially in the world of internet?
Significance of the Issue
Growing internet and mobility of communication means that there is growing need in improvement of elemental aspect in design and the improvement of policy and governing for restriction of points of contention in maintenance and risk management.
This means that reducing the control of human input is inversely proportional to the increase in advancement and accessibility to the internet. A factor that should be taken into account when looking at strict rules applicable in autonomy and progressive development (Budiyono, 2007).
Related Research and Development
The increase in the need for safety allocation manes that machinery input is given priority as compared to the human input resulting is a relation that lacks balance. This is applicable in the UAS designing and integration of how processes can be delivered and in this way the human role is relegated to the external support in cyber applications.
The most common development in this aspect is recognition of increased need for commercialization of drones, which has attracted a significant portion of private usage (Fargo, 2018).
At the same time, it takes into account the design component in terms of weight, visibility, control capabilities, software, and application in both economic and recreational activities as systemic diversification of technology and their tasks (Lu, Y., & Xu, 2018). This is far from the earlier invention in which the fashioning of UAS was based on the manual run such as the balloons.
The less controlled aspect was not a consideration as radio control was a limited frequency hence bulkiness (UAV Air, 2019). However, in recent past, the increase in robotics activities means that more humanistic elements are taken out of the picture resulting in concentration on perfection of machinery based on a specific formula, process, and implementation plan ((Zhang, Zhang, Yang, Gu, Wang, & Yang, 2018).
This raises the question of possibility of other resulting consequences such as the question of control of security in identification of vulnerability of pathways of access to the controls (Mozaffari, Saad, Bennis, & Debbah, 2017). Especially hen we consider international competiveness in both technological advancement and espionage activities, hence an institutional and systemic concern in use, development and implementation (Minevich, 2018).
The alternative action to this problem is the development of institutionalized reforms that become integrated into the systemic change with time. In recognition of this fact, the problem is approachable through training, more research, increased accessibility to the public, and recognition of limitation in technology to allow total control (Moreno, Ramos, & Skarmeta, 2014).
Conclusion and Recommendation
To solve the problem of threat to the reduction of human involvement, the research concentrates on the determination of the value of the current trend in management of the UAS design, policy, roles that encourage innovation, application development, and recognition of the reduction in error especially in UAS privatization risk. It is recommended that further research should be done on the calculated effort of trend evolution and starters that are often the source f creativity in design and development of implementation regulations, policies, and institutional guidelines.
An, W., Wu , D., Ci, S., Luo, H., Adamchuk, V. & Xu, Z. (2017). Chapter 25 – Agriculture Cyber-Physical Systems. Cyber-Physical Systems, 399-417#
Budiyono, A. (2007). Advances in unmanned aerial vehicles technologies. Research Gate Publication. Retrieved form https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234119875_Advances_in_unmanned_aerial_vehicles_technologies
Fargo, S. (2018, December 21). Flying Into the Future: Drone Technology Forecasts for 2019. Robotic Business Review. Retrieved from https://www.roboticsbusinessreview.com/unmanned/drone-technology-forecasts-2019/
Lu, Y., & Xu, D. L. (2018). Internet of Things (IoT) cybersecurity research: a review of current research topics. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 6(2), 2103-2115.
Minevich, M. ( 2018, June 15). The Best Technological Advancements in the World Are Born in the U.S., But They’re Not Staying Here. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2018/06/15/the-best-technological-advancements-in-the-world-are-born-in-the-u-s-but-theyre-not-staying-here/#316c26023af1
Moreno, M. V., Ramos, J. L. H., & Skarmeta, A. F. (2014, March). User role in IoT-based systems. In 2014 IEEE World Forum on the Internet of Things (WF-IoT) (pp. 141-146). IEEE.
Mozaffari, M., Saad, W., Bennis, M., & Debbah, M. (2017). Mobile unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for the energy-efficient Internet of Things communications. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 16(11), 7574-7589.
UAV Air. (2019). Advances in unmanned aerial vehicles through the years. Retrieved from https://uav-air.com/news/uavair-news/advances-unmanned-aerial-vehicles
Whitmore, A., Agarwal, A., & Da, X. L. (2014). The Internet of Things—A survey of topics and trends. Information Systems Frontiers 17(2), 261-274. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.825.4773&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Zhang, W., Zhang, L., Yang, B., Gu, H., Wang, D., & Yang, K. (2018). The development of counter-unmanned aerial vehicle technologies. Proc. SPIE 10835, Global Intelligence Industry Conference (GIIC 2018), 108351O (31 August 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2505628
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