This approach is based on a curriculum design which assumes that in the process of living, children experience problems. Thus, problem solving enables the learners to become increasingly able to achieve complete or total development as individuals. This approach is characterized by the following views and beliefs:
- The learners are capable of directing and guiding themselves in resolving problems, thus they become independent learners.
- The learners are prepared to assume their civic responsibilities through direct participation in different activities.
- The curriculum leads the learners in the recognition of concerns and problems and in seeking solutions.