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A report on

“Parking Studies”

In the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of degree of



Submitted under


Prepared By:

Dakshesh Ambaliya ( 163831055001 )

B.PLAN – II Semester – IV

Under the guidance of

Prof. Rahul Hathiwala(April,2018)


(Academic year 2017-2018)

DECLARATIONI hereby declare that the work carried out and presented under the course of Planning and Design Lab – IV (1045507) report entitled “Parking Studies” by Dakshesh Ambaliya (163831055001) of Semester – IV, B.

Plan – II [GTU Branch code: 055] submitted to the Faculty of B.Plan, 383-Bhagawan Mahavir College of Architecture and Planning, Surat is an authentic record of my own work carried out during the period of Even Semester of Academic Year 2017-2018.

Neither the source there in, nor the content of the report have been copied or downloaded from any other source directly.

I understand that my result grades would be revoked if later it is found to be so.


Dakshesh Ambaliya



(Academic year 2017-2018)


CERTIFICATEThis is to certify that the report under the course of Planning and Design Lab – IV (1045507), entitled as “Parking Studies” by Dakshesh Ambaliya (163831055001) of Semester – IV, B.Plan – II [GTU Branch code: 055] towards partial fulfillment of requirement for award of the degree of Bachelor of Planning at Faculty of B.Plan of Bhagawan Mahavir College of Architecture and Planning, Surat during the academic year 2017-2018 ending in April 2018.

Date: ______________

Place: ______________

-2476527876400 -2603526352400

Prof. Rahul HathiwalaExternal Examiner

AcknowledgementI have taken efforts in this project. However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals and organizations. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them.

I am highly indebted to (Sir. Rahul Hathiwala) for their guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the project & also for their support in completing the project.

I would like to express my gratitude towards my parents & member of (Bhagwan Mahavir College of Architecture and Planning) for their kind co-operation and encouragement which help me in completion of this project.

I would like to express my special gratitude and thanks to industry persons for giving me such attention and time.

My thanks and appreciations also go to my colleague in developing the project and people who have willingly helped me out with their abilities.

AbstractParking of vehicles and Traffic congestion have been the major issues that most metropolises are facing in spite of measures being taken to mitigate and reduce it. Parking is one of the major problems that is created by the increasing road traffic. It is an impact of transport development. In the recent past, parking issue has emerged as one of the main challenge for engineers, planners and policy makers in urban areas. Modern social and economic structures, shaped by car-oriented urban development and rapid growth in vehicle ownership, have established congestion and parking issues as an inescapable reality of urban life. The availability of less space in urban areas has increased the demand for parking space especially in areas like Central Business District. The growing impact of parking problems is seen in terms of adverse effects on quality of urban living.

The main focus of this study is aimed at understanding the recurring parking issues, its measurement and mitigation. Literature review on this problem reveals some interesting insights. One of the important outcome was that there is no single, broadly accepted definition of parking issues. Parking can generally be defined as the act of stopping and disengaging vehicle and leaving it unoccupied. Many professionals and organizations have defined parking in different ways based on variety of criteria.


TOC o “1-3” h z u DECLARATION PAGEREF _Toc512160838 h IICERTIFICATE PAGEREF _Toc512160839 h IIIAcknowledgement PAGEREF _Toc512160840 h IVAbstract PAGEREF _Toc512160841 h V1.Introduction PAGEREF _Toc512160842 h 11.1 Aim PAGEREF _Toc512160843 h 31.2 Objectives PAGEREF _Toc512160844 h 31.3 Methodology PAGEREF _Toc512160845 h 1

IntroductionProviding suitable parking spaces is a challenge for traffic engineers and planners in the scenario of ever increasing vehicle population. Traffic engineers and planners need information about parking. It is essential to conduct traffic surveys in order to design the facilities or plan the fares. Parking inventories include observations of the number of the parking spaces and their location, time and the type of parking facility.

An accumulation check was used in analyzing the parking capacity of the study area. Parking accumulation is the total number of vehicles parked at any given time. The purpose of accumulation is to establish hourly variations and peak parking demand.

Various definitions of parking terms:

Parking Volume: Parking volume is the total number of vehicles parked at a given duration of time. This does not account for repetition of vehicles. The actual volume of vehicles entered in the area is recorded.

Parking Accumulation: It is the number of parked vehicles in a study area at any specified time. Normally it is expressed by the accumulation curve. Accumulation curve is the graph obtained by plotting the number of bays occupied with respect of time.

Parking Duration: The length of time the vehicle is parked at a parking bay.

Parking Turnover: It is the rate of use of a parking space. It is the ratio of number of vehicles parked in a duration to the number of parking bays available. This can be expressed as the number of vehicles per bay per time duration.

Parking Index: Parking index is also called occupancy or efficiency. It is defined as the ratio of number of bays occupied in a time duration to the total space available. It gives an aggregate measure of how effectively the parking space is utilized.

Parking Load: Parking load gives the area under the accumulation curve. It can also be obtained by simply multiplying the number of vehicles occupying the parking area at each time interval with the time interval. It is expressed as vehicle hours.

Parking System:

1) On Street Parking

On street parking means the vehicles are parked on the sides of the street itself. This will be usually controlled by government agencies itself. Common types of on-street parking are as listed below. This classification is based on the angle in which the vehicles are parked with respect to the road alignment. As per IRC the standard dimensions of a car is taken as 5? 2.5 meters and that for a truck is 3.75? 7.5 meters.

1. Parallel parking: The vehicles are parked along the length of the road. Here there is no backward movement involved while parking or unparking the vehicle. Hence, it is the most safest parking from the accident perspective. However, it consumes the maximum curb length and therefore only a minimum number of vehicles can be parked for a given curb length. This method of parking produces least obstruction to the on-going traffic on the road since least road width is used. The length available to park N number of vehicles, L = N 5.9


1095375189230Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1: Parallel Parking

0Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1: Parallel Parking

2. 30 Degree Parking: In thirty degree parking, the vehicles are parked at 30? with respect to the road alignment. In this case, more vehicles can be parked compared to parallel parking.

Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 2: 30 Degree Parking

3. 45 Degree Parking: As the angle of parking increases, more number of vehicles can be parked. Hence compared to parallel parking and thirty degree parking, more number of vehicles can be accommodated in this type of parking. From figure, length of parking space available for parking N number of vehicles in a given curb is L = 3.54 N+1.77

Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 3: 45 Degree Parking

4. 60 Degree Parking: The vehicles are parked at 60? to the direction of road. More number of vehicles can be accommodated in this parking type. From the figure, length available for parking N vehicles =2.89N+2.16


12858758255Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 4: 60 Degree Parking

0Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 4: 60 Degree Parking

5. Right angle parking: In right angle parking or 90? parking, the vehicles are parked perpendicular to the direction of the road.

Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 5: Right Angle Parking

2) Off Street Parking

In many urban centers, some areas are exclusively allotted for parking which will be at some distance away from the main stream of traffic. Such a parking is referred to as off-street parking. They may be operated by either public agencies or private firms.

Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 6: Off Street Parking

1.1 AimTo analyze the parking management system of study area and determine the parking capacity of study area and also give proposal for parking.

1.2 Objectives

Understand and study existing situation of parking management in study area.

Survey the in-flow and out-flow of vehicles in study area parking.

Study the capacity of study area parking.  

Give an appropriate proposal for parking management.

1.3 Methodology





256222514795500019056351729740Literature review

00Literature review

369760522466300001661160Existing scenario of Surat city

00Existing scenario of Surat city

21018503012440Selection of study area

00Selection of study area

263779043535600019456404513580Data collection

00Data collection

263525051574700020764505337175Data analysis

00Data analysis

260889862785620019913606482080Proposal and Conclusion

00Proposal and Conclusion



4181475123190Case studies

00Case studies


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