M4A1: Mini Paper: Comparison of Strategies

M4A1: Mini Paper: Comparison of Strategies

There are four mini papers in the course, each requiring you to complete research on a given topic and integrate the course material.

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Mini Paper #2 is due at the end of Module 4 and deals with comparison of strategies used by men and women in team-based work settings.

Researchers and professionals in a variety of fields have investigated the differences between men and women regarding communication styles as well as how these styles impact relationships at home and at work. For instance, refer to John Gray’s Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus, Deborah Tannen’s Talking from 9 to 5: Men and Women at Work, or Barbara Annis’ Same Words, Different Language: How Men and Women Misunderstand Each Other at Work, and What to Do About It.

Whether based on research studies or clinical observations, the theory has been proposed that men and women have different ways of communicating in various settings, which impacts the effectiveness of relationships. In the workplace, it is especially important to understand these differences, overcome the barriers to effective interpersonal relationships, and use the strengths of each sex’s communication and negotiation styles to achieve team-level and organizational goals.

Select a topic related to mixed-sex teams. Using course material and outside resources, discuss the impact of gender differences on a mixed-sex team and one way the situation can be effectively addressed.
Select a particular type of team or industry where mixed-sex teams are used and discuss the implications for misunderstandings. For example, teams in high-risk industries, such as the following:

Emergency-response teams
Rescue teams
Scientific-exploration teams

Or look at teams in typical low-risk tasks across industries, such as one of the following:

Marketing teams
Cross-functional teams
Self-managed teams

Discuss the team’s tasks, and apply relevant course material on mixed-sex teams and gender and sex differences.
Discuss how misunderstandings or conflict can occur and what management and team members can do to prevent or address these issues.
Write a paper with a summary and analysis of the team or industry you have selected. Organize your paper into the following sections:
Title page
Table of Contents
Introduction (1–2 paragraphs summarizing the topic)
Background (brief synopsis of the type of team or industry selected and identification of major issues that have developed or could develop with regard to mixed-sex team composition)
Analysis (brief analysis of the major gender-related issues that were identified in the background section and the way they have been or can be minimized or overcome, using relevant course material as well as outside resources)
Conclusion
References

For example, a research study conducted by the genSET FP7 project examined the impact of gender on the advancement of European Science, specifically the inclusion of women in research teams, in a variety of scientific fields (www.genderinscience.org). A review of the literature on mixed-sex scientific research teams in Europe highlights the advantages and disadvantages of these teams. The goals of science research teams can range from Nobel-prize level exploratory studies on cures for disease to confirmatory studies using college students to test spatial memory. All such research impacts individual researchers in terms of professional interests and career goals as well as institutional recognition.

Schiebinger (1999) observes in her book, Has Feminism Changed Science, “…modern science is a product of hundreds of years of shunning women,” therefore, it is no small feat to create a new reality where women can make significant contributions as integral members of scientific teams with equal status.

One barrier to this feat is the tendency for female members of such teams to be relegated to informal administrative roles and assistants, which leads to situations in which male members may gain recognition for team successes by taking advantage of the work done by females who have been relegated to lower status members. The genSET organization, through its FP7 project, is committed to rectifying gender inequalities in mixed-sex research teams by conducting research on how gender impacts teamwork as well as showing that mixed-sex teams, when well-managed, outperform same-sex teams in terms of creativity and problem-solving.

Your work should be submitted in a Word document, 2–3 pages in length (excluding the title, the table of contents and the references pages), typed double-space in 10- or 12-point Arial or Times New Roman font. The page margins on the top, bottom, left side, and right side should be 1 inch each. Use APA guidelines for citing and reference sources.

Keep the following points in mind:

Strategies used by men and women in team-based work settings are accurately identified and contrasted with pertinent examples.
The analysis integrates course material and is presented in a logical and organized manner.

Compose your work in a .doc or .docx file type using a word processor (such as Microsoft Word, etc.) and save it frequently to your computer. For those assignments that are not written essays and require uploading images or PowerPoint slides, please follow uploading guidelines provided by your instructor.

Check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors. When you are ready to submit your work, click “Upload Submission.” Enter the submission title and then click on “Select a file to upload.” Browse your computer, and select your file. Click “Open” and verify the correct file name has appeared next to Submission File. Click on “Continue.” Confirm submission is correct and then click on “Accept Submission & Save.”

Turnitin®

This course has Turnitin® fully integrated into the course dropbox. This means that you should only submit your assignments to the dropbox below. Please do not submit your assignment directly to Turnitin.com.

Once submitted, your assignment will be evaluated by Turnitin® automatically. You will be able to view an Originality Report within minutes of your first submission that will show how much of your work has been identified as similar to other sources such as websites, textbooks, or other student papers. Use your Originality Report as a learning tool to identify areas of your assignment that you may not have cited appropriately. You may resubmit your assignment through this dropbox as many times as you need to check to see if you have made improvements, until the due date of the assignment. However, once you have made your first submission, you will need to wait 24 hours after each subsequent submission to receive a new Originality Report. Plan accordingly as you draft your assignment. Once the due date has passed, your assignment submission will be considered final.

Evaluation

This assignment will be graded using the SBT Mini Paper Grading Rubric located on the Course Rubrics page within the Start Here section of the course. Please review the rubric prior to beginning your work so that you ensure your submission meets the criteria in place for this assignment. Collectively, these assignments are worth 10% of your final course grade.

 

Expert Answer

Introduction

Several authors, professionals, and researchers in various fields have conducted investigations into the existing differences between women and men in relation to styles of communication and problem solving and how these differences influence relationships and performance at work and at home. Several theories have been proposed in academic studies and clinical observations, stating that women and men have very different methods of communicating depending on the setting or situation. In the workplace environment, it is important that the differences that exist between men and women are understood in order to effectively overcome the existing challenges and barriers and promote effective interpersonal relationships. This way, the strengths of each gender can be used to achieve communication and negotiation efficiency, which will go a long way in the fulfillment of organizational and team-level goals.

Gender Differences in Mixed-sex Marketing Teams

Marketing teams in most organizations are made up of members of both genders. A management team is tasked with several roles, which include managing the various brands, carrying out campaign management for product marketing initiatives, conducting marketing campaigns, producing promotional and marketing materials, creating promotion content, providing search engine optimization for the company’s marketing website, managing social media sites, and serving as media liaison for the company. Research and observation have shown that having a mixed-sex marketing team is better than having the team composed only of men or women (Ward & Carvel, 2007). Mixed-sex marketing teams come up with the best marketing ideas and have been reported to have a better communication environment as compared to single-sex marketing teams. Most organizations are concerned that having mixed-sex marketing teams may result in many disagreements and arguments within the team, mostly because women are said to be more talkative and have a tendency to enter into unnecessary arguments.

However, research has shown that this is not the case. Mixed-sex marketing teams work better and come up with solutions to challenges easily. According to Hoogendoorn et al. (2013), “Teams with lower percentages of women have lower sales and lower profits than teams with a balanced gender mix”. This shows that teams composed of men and women perform better than teams made up of just men or women. Even in financial management, mixed-gender funds management teams make more money compared to teams of only women or men, according to research (Kinder, 2018). The study conducted by Hoogendoorn et al. (2013) showed that in any mixed-gender team, conflicts, decision-making, friendships, learning, atmosphere, and mutual monitoring are unrelated to the gender composition of the team. Therefore, there is no basis for opposing the equal gender composition of a work team. Having a mixed-gender marketing team allows “a psychological safe communication climate” (Hoogendoorn et al., 2013) and promotes self-confidence amongst the team members. This results in the establishment of a stable foundation, which encourages innovation.

Conclusion

The differences that exist between men and women may have an effect or influence on the performance of a team since male and female workers have different lives outside of work. For instance, men tend to carry their challenges from home to work, while women spend a lot of their time taking care of their families. However, including both men and women in a team improves performance as the various strengths that each gender has are combined towards a common goal. Women are innovative and men think critically, for instance. By combining these two characteristics, the team achieves increased efficiency.

References

Hoogendoorn, S., Oosterbeek, H., & Van Praag, M. (2013). The impact of gender diversity on the performance of business teams: Evidence from a field experiment. Management Science, 59(7), 1514-1528.

Kinder, T. (2018, August 13). Mixed-sex teams show best return as asset managers. Retrieved February 09, 2019, from https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/mixed-sex-teams-show-best-return-as-asset-managers-hmb2zz78k

Ward, L., & Carvel, J. (2007, November 01). Best ideas come from work teams mixing men and women. Retrieved February 09, 2019, from https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2007/nov/01/gender.world

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