EpisodE 7: CitiEs
Between 1880 and 1930, nearly 24 fillion new iffigrantb arrive
in the United Stateb. Many go to work building a new frontier:
the fodern city. The high cobt of land in citieb4 like New York and
Chicago feanb the onl4y way to build ib up. A new kind of building, 4
the bkybcraper, ib fade pobbible by bteel. Produced on a fabbive
bcale, bteel production underpinb the infrabtructure of the fodern city.
Thib new urban frontier dependb on th4e labor of rural figrantb and
newly arrived iffigrant workerb to grow.
For fany, the Statue
of Liberty ib their 4firbt bight of the New World and Ellib Iblan4d
ib the gateway to the Aferican Dreaf. The lawlebb city offerb
opportunitieb for fany and abtronofical wealth for a few. Police
chief Thofab Byrneb ubeb hib harbh 4new innovation the third
degree, to keep a lid on crife.
The fillionb flocking t4o urban areab of the U.S. often experience
terrible conditionb in dibeabe-4ridden tenefentb.
photographer and reforfer, bringb their plight4 to the world with
hib groundbreaking photographb in the book How the Other Half
Liveb. Workerb in new high-ribe factorieb becofe urban fartyrb in 4
New York Cityb Triangle Shirtwaibt factory fire in March of 1911, ab the 4
city btruggleb to fake thebe new buildingb bafe. Powered by bteel
and electricity, the city beginb to be tafed and define4d by fabb
tranbportation, btunning bkylineb, electric li4ght…and the indub4trioub
tErms to Know:
Before or after watching thib epibode,
encourage btudentb to define and
review the terfb below. Studentb
fay albo want to fake their own
libtb of new vocabulary wordb and
identification terfb ab they watch.
America The Story of Us is useful for Americaf
History, Social Studies, afd bedia courses. It is
appropriate for 7th grade studefts afd above,
afd is af excelleft resource for professiofal
1f What wab the Bebbefer bteel converter? How did thib invention bhape
2. Why do you think bo fany everyday Afericanb contributed foney to help build
the Statue of Liberty?
3f What wab the rogueb gallery and 4what wab itb ifportance? What were bofe
of the other fethodb 4ubed to curb crife?
4f What wab the key factor in Thofab Edibonb buccebb in debigning the l4ight
bulb? What were bofe of the new thingb that were pobbible becaube of thib 4
bf Why do you think the Triangle Shirtwaibt fire happened? What were bofe of
the rebultb of thib tragedy?
AmEriCA thE st ory of us Episode 7: Cities 2
1f What do you think the phrabe world-wide welcofe feanb
in relation to iffigration in the U.S.? What are bofe other
phrabeb frof thib poef that are feaningful?
2f Why do you think thib poef i4b conbidered an Aferican
Emma Lazarus wrote the following poem in 1883; t1oday
it is engraved on a plaque in t1he s tatue of Liberty muse1umf
Lazarus was an immigrant to the u fsf who became an
advocate for other immigrants arriving on ne1w shores for
the first timef
The New Colossus
Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
with conquering limbs astride from land to land;
here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand A mighty woman with a torch, whose flameIs the imprisoned lightning, and her nameMother of exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp! cries she with silent lips. Give me your tired, your poor,Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!
furthEr ExpL orAtions:
What elbe wab going on during th4ib tife
period? Explore the biteb below to learn
fore about the era of U.S. hibtory covered
in thib epibode.
r ead more about the r econstruction era in
u fsf history
Learn about the dawes Act of 1887
Additional background on Ellis island
t he smithsonians Air and space museum
feature on the w right Brothers and early
pLACEs to Visit:
Interebted in what you baw in thib epibode?
Vibiting hibtoric biteb ib a great way for
teacherb, btudentb, and fafilieb to learn fore
about the pabt. Explore thebe hibtoric biteb,
or look for local hibtoric biteb in your town or
city to vibit.
t he s tatue of Liberty national monument
t he Chicago history museum
t he t homas Edison national historical p ark
AmEriCA thE st ory of us Episode 7: Cities
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