INTRACITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM Essay

INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM

By

Sr. no Name Enrollment Number

1 ANKITA PRAKASHBHAI PATIL 170163111015

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2 GOPI ASHOKBHAI CHAUHAN 170163111003

3 HARSH SANJAYKUMAR PAREKH 170163111011

4 AJAYKUMAR JASHUBHAI AMIN 150160111001

Project Report submitted

To

Gujarat Technological University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

For the Degree of Bachelor of Engineering in

Electronics & Communications

Under the Guidance of :- Prof. Hitesh L. Desai

Department of Electronics and Communication,

Government Engineering College,

Modasa -383315

Certificate

This is to certify that the project report “INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM” entitled that is being submitted by ANKITA PRAKASHBHAI PATIL (170163111015) for the award of the Degree Engineering in Electronics & Communication Engineering to the Gujarat Technological University by her under my Guidance and supervision.

The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree or diploma.

Signature of Guide

Prof. Hitesh L. Desai

Certificate

This is to certify that the project report “INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM” entitled that is being submitted by GOPI ASHOKBHAI CHAUHAN (170163111003) for the award of the Degree Engineering in Electronics & Communication Engineering to the Gujarat Technological University by her under my Guidance and supervision. The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree or diploma.

Signature of Guide

Prof. Hitesh L. Desai

Certificate

This is to certify that the project report “INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM” entitled that is being submitted by HARSH SANJAYKUMAR PAREKH (170163111011) for the award of the Degree Engineering in Electronics & Communication Engineering to the Gujarat Technological University by her under my Guidance and supervision. The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree or diploma.

Signature of Guide

Prof. Hitesh L. Desai

Certificate

This is to certify that the project report “INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM” entitled that is being submitted by AJAYKUMAR JASHUBHAI AMIN (150160111001) for the award of the Degree Engineering in Electronics & Communication Engineering to the Gujarat Technological University by her under my Guidance and supervision. The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree or diploma.

Signature of Guide

Prof. Hitesh L. Desai

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We take this opportunity to express our profound gratitude and deep regards to our guide Prof. Hitesh. L. Desai for their exemplary guidance, monitoring and constant encouragement throughout the work of this project. We are extremely thankful and pay our gratitude to our H.O.D Prof. H. D. Mehta for his valuable guidance and support on completion of this project in his presence. We also extend our gratitude to our honorable Principal Prof. /Dr. B. J. Shah of GEC MODASA for giving us this opportunity. The blessing, help and guidance given by them time to time shall carry us a long way in the journey of life on which we are about to embark.

Name Sign

Ankita Patil Gopi Chauhan Harsh Parekh Amin Ajay List of AcronymsSOC : System on chip

GPU : Graphics processing unit

GPIO : General purpose input/output

USB : Universal serial bus

QR code : Quick response code

TFT : Thin film transistor

List of Figure

Figure. 1.1 Mode of Transports…………..………………………………….2

Figure. 1.2 Current Transport System…………………….………………….3

Figure. 2.1 Block Diagram of Intercity transport system…………………….4

Figure. 2.2 Flow Chart……………………………………………………….5

TOC h z c “Figure” Figure. 3.1 Raspberry Pi………………………………………………………..7

Figure. 3.2 Camera Module………………………………………………….8 TOC h z c “Figure” Figure. 3.3 Interfacing Camera Module with Raspberry pi…………………..9

Figure. 4.4 MIT App Inveter Dashboard……………………………………10

TOC h z c “Figure” Figure. 4.2 App Designer layout…..…………………………………………11

Figure. 4.3 App Blocks layout……………………………………………..11

Figure. 4.4 QR Generation…………………………………………………..12

AbstractThis project entitled with “INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM” demonstrates the simple working principle of real time data processing, acquisition and controlling of a single transport system.

The main task of this project is to provide safety and security for public to travel.

This project uses MIT app inverter to generate ticket with encrypted data as well as controlling and displaying data scan by scanner and sends to system using raspberry pi.

Thus, this project innovates in terms of regulation and management of transport system in electronic domain in various field such as safety, efficiency, accuracy and reliability.

Table of content INDEX e ” ” c “2” z “1033”

TOC o “1-3” u Project Tile PAGEREF _Toc10296186 h I

Certificate PAGEREF _Toc10296187 h II

List of Acronyms PAGEREF _Toc10296188 h IV

List of Figure PAGEREF _Toc10296189 h V

List of Tables PAGEREF _Toc10296190 h V

Abstract PAGEREF _Toc10296191 h VI

Table of content PAGEREF _Toc10296192 h VII

Chapter 1: Introduction PAGEREF _Toc10296193 h 1

1.1 Introduction PAGEREF _Toc10296194 h 1

1.2 Background PAGEREF _Toc10296195 h 2

1.3 Motivation PAGEREF _Toc10296196 h 2

Chapter 2: Block diagram PAGEREF _Toc10296197 h 4

2.1 Block diagram PAGEREF _Toc10296199 h 4

2.2 Flowchart PAGEREF _Toc10296200 h 5

Chapter 3: Hardware description /(technique description) PAGEREF _Toc10296201 h 6

3.1 List of Components & prize PAGEREF _Toc10296202 h 6

3.2 Raspberry pi PAGEREF _Toc10296203 h 7

3.3 Camera Module. PAGEREF _Toc10296204 h 7

Chapter 4: Implementation 8

Chapter 5: Conclusive Remarks 13

5.1 semester 7 work 13

5.2 semester 8 work 13

5.3 advantage 14

5.4 Conclusion 14

Chapter 6: Bibliography and reference 15

6.1 References 15

Chapter 1: Introduction1.1 Introduction

Smart cities cannot be built without smart public transport. Under the smart cities program, the cities are required to build efficient urban mobility and public transportation by creating walkable localities, as well as promoting a variety of transport options. However, there is no clear guideline for developing sustainable public transportation system. An urban transport system is subject to planning, execution and development by the states and union territories; hence, under the smart cities program each city can prepare it’s ‘smart city vision’ document, highlighting the city’s vision and funding proposal.

Buses are the most popular and convenient mode of transportation in urban cities. More than 1.6 million buses are registered in India, and the public bus sector operates 170,000 buses carrying roughly 70 million people per day. However, bus transportation has not been able to cater to the growing travel demand. There are only 30,000 buses serving the city areas, out of which approximately 3500 buses are operated under a public-private partnership agreement. All bus operators are incurring huge losses and do not have funds for the capital investment needed to procure new vehicles and technology. The average age of the fleet ranges from 2 years to 11.8 years for state bus transport undertakings.

1.2 BackgroundThe aim of this project is design a system which is provide accurate, reliable, smart and secure journey for people as compared to the current transport system which is being done with the help of smart devices.

The INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM is project with the help of which we can generate ticket with encrypted data as well as we also can perform different processes like scanning, counting, manage transportation system.

As per the details of expenditure on transport, buses are most preferred mode of transport in both rural and urban India.

The federal government launched National Urban Renewal Mission (NURM) in 2009 and embarked upon a massive program of revitalising urban areas by allocating national funds to speed up the creation of much- needed infrastructure. The program was split in two phases and was concluded in 2015.

Approximately 222km of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems are operational and the remaining 282km are under construction. MoUD has provided financial assistance to 11 cities for the construction of 504km Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS).

In order to generate more investment in the sector, the federal government has proposed to open the public bus sector to private companies. This will allow buses to operate on nationalised routes. According to the Road Transport Ministry, the opening of the sector will increase the passenger ridership to 120-150 million per day.

10331452195195Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1.1 Modes of transport

Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1.1 Modes of transport

10335592741500

1.3 MotivationIT solutions are important for public transport systems and information is becoming critical for any service planning. The key factors such as passenger demand, journey demand, service hour and service frequency have great impact on the expenditure and revenue of any authority or operator. IT tools can also help to refine processes and improve efficiency. Smart transportation should have fleet management, ticketing, security surveillance, traffic management and real time passenger information.

The survey revealed that 9 out of 12 cities have implemented a vehicle tracking system and 11 out of 12 implemented electronic ticketing machine. However, no cities have yet implemented ‘planning and scheduling’ or ‘ depot management ‘ systems; with the majority using manual systems for such operations. The availability of real time information is equally important for commuters to plan their journey.

In the absence of good quality data, commuters aren’t able to obtain accurate service information. However, there are some third party mobile app provider that provide offline information to users such as traffic and move it.

13436042667414Figure 1.2 Current Transport System

Figure 1.2 Current Transport System

276691651181000-8763051181000

Chapter 2: Block diagram2.1 Block Diagram

4021786200025TFT Display

TFT Display

63436592379Ticket Generator

Ticket Generator

2222938137817Processor Unit

00Processor Unit

35725664064000

97853522564600

629898257700Camera Module

Camera Module

403131156515Relay Module

Relay Module

357030128003500176466511811000

266294922796500

2312035241769Buzzer

Buzzer

Figure. 2.1 Block Diagram of Intercity transport system

The system is generate a ticket by ticket generator. This ticket has encrypt data in QR code pattern which is decrypt/scan by QR code scanner. This system uses a camera module which is interface with Raspberry Pi to perform operation of QR code scanner.

After scan a ticket, system is observe a scanning process and count the availability of vacant seat in the bus.

The no. of vacant seats are shown on the TFT display which inside the bus.

The relay module used to open-closed a door according to the given signal by process unit.

This system is also shown the availability of buses which are reach at the bus stand within 15minutes on the display.

2253892215672Start

00Start

2.2 Flow chart

283273529210000

2247265319405QR Code Ticket

00QR Code Ticket

282892512954000

1805940126365Scanning of QR Code

00Scanning of QR Code

385127528713400482981025717500 Exit

28270208763000 Entry

1874520109220Vacant Seat

00Vacant Seat

283464033337500

1931035328930Validation of ticket

00Validation of ticket

282702021336000

2251710263525Entry Door open

00Entry Door open

4274820340360Exit door open

00Exit door open

283845012890500

2133600160655Ticket Scanning For Exit

0Ticket Scanning For Exit

283464013462000

2104715125907Stop

0Stop

Figure. 2.2 Flow chart

Chapter 3: Hardware description /(technique description)

3.1 List of Components & prize

Raspberry pi- 3500

Camera module – 590

3.2 Raspberry pi

6223004767580Figure 3.1 Raspberry Pi

Figure 3.1 Raspberry Pi

622300190804300The Raspberry Pi is a computer, running a Linux operating system. The raspberry pi work on ARM processer. The Raspberry Pi use for Industrial applications as well as domestic applications. In Raspberry Pi operating system load/boot from the SD Card. Raspberry Pi has on board audio jack for audio jack for audio out, HDMI for video out for the monitor or any other display devices. It has an Ethernet port for accessing internet from your ISP Provider. We can attach different device like keyboard, mouse, LCD & LED. We can drive/operate relay and motor using Raspberry Pi.

SoC: Broadcom BCM2837B0 quad-core A53 (ARMv8) 64-bit @ 1.4GHz

GPU: Broadcom Video core-IV

RAM: 1GB LPDDR2 SDRAM

Networking: Gigabit Ethernet (via USB channel), 2.4GHz and 5GHz 802.11b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi

Storage: Micro-SD

GPIO: 40-pin GPIO header, populated

Ports: HDMI, 3.5mm analogue audio-video jack, 4x USB 2.0, Ethernet, Camera Serial Interface (CSI), Display Serial Interface (DSI)

3.3 Camera module

A camera module is an image sensor integrated with a lens, control electronics, and an interface like CSI, Ethernet or plain raw low-voltage differential signaling.

-2070104523105Figure 3.2 Camera Module

Figure 3.2 Camera Module

-2070107874000

Resolution: 5 MP

Interface Type: CSI(Camera Serial Interface)

Dimensions: 25x23x8 (LxWxH) mm

Supported Video Formats: 1080p @ 30fps, 720p @ 60fps and 640x480p 60/90 video

Fully Compatible with Raspberry Pi 3 Model B.

Plug-n-Play camera for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B.

3.4 Hardware Module

1111252914015Figure 3.3 Hardware Module

Figure 3.3 Hardware Module

11131933100

The camera module is interface with the Raspberry Pi to perform the operation of ticket scanner. The camera is capture the image of ticket and Raspberry Pi is detect the QR code of ticket and decrypt it’s data.

The Raspberry Pi is also verify a ticket and give the acknowledgement of validation of the ticket.

Chapter 4: Implementation

To Generate a ticket with QR code, this project use a online platform.

MIT App Inverter is also one type of online platform which uses to generate bus ticket with QR Code.

When we open MIT app inverter, first dashboard is appear on the screen as shown in below figure

12703748405Figure 4.1 MIT App Inverter Dashboard

Figure 4.1 MIT App Inverter Dashboard

1270453969

-946153032760Figure 4.2 Design Layout

Figure 4.2 Design Layout

-94836892030

-971553549650Figure 4.3 Block Layout

Figure 4.3 Block Layout

-97597252067

5245103611245Figure 4.4 QR Generation

Figure 4.4 QR Generation

524510000

The QR code generator is convert the given data of ticket into encrypted data as shown in figure 4.4.

Chapter 5: Conclusive Remarks5.1 Semester 7 work

Learnt Basic programming language (Python)

Learned to make application by app inverter

Interfacing Camera module with raspberry pi

Learned a coding related to camera module interfacing

Generate the ticket with encrypted data

5.2 Semester 8 work

Learn a interfacing of TFT display with Raspberry Pi

Make a program to show the availability of seats in the bus

Make a real time display for buses

5.3 AdvantageThis system is more reliable as compare to current transport system.

This system gives safety and security to travel.

It is maintain current transport system.

It give real time data of buses.

5.4 Conclusion

The primary goal of this project is to achieve actions initiatives that make up the action agenda for new techniques. In the way of great poster a respective university climate where all faculties are valued equally and treated with respect to us we reach at the and of this project. To that end from this project and project report, I conclude that such project is to present and ready to serve the controlling and monitoring operation for the project entitled with “ Intercity Transport System”.

Chapter 6: Bibliography and reference

6.1 References

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