fahad hassan research proposal Essay

Demonstrating and Optimization of Micro Hydro, Solar PV and Biomass Hybrid Renewable Energy System with Battery Storage

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Author: Supervisor

Engr. Fahad Hassan Engr. Ihsan Ullah Khalil

[MSEE-13155]

Research Proposal Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering, Abasyn University Peshawar in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science

Department of Electrical Engineering

Abasyn University Peshawar Campus

July 2019

Table of Contents:

INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………..2

LITERATURE REVIEW……………………………………………………………3

PROBLEM STATEMENT ………………………………………………………….3

OBJECTIVES………………………………………………………………………..3

METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………………………..5

REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………5

INTRODUCTION

As world is creating with step by step new in venations and advancements Electrical vitality ended up one of the essential need of present day life.

In Pakistan, Electrical vitality request radically increments in past two decades while there was very little spotlight on age and hole among free market activity expanded uncommonly. At normal development rate of 4.84% every year from year 2000 to 2011 power request increment from 48.6tWh to 112.9tWh with real increment in residential part (22.8tWh to 36.1tWh), while all out number of electric buyer from 2000 to 2011 increments from 12.

16 to 20.85 million while the anticipated absolute purchasers will increment to 39.7million[1]. To beat

This emergency government, acquaint new approaches with pull in ward control makers (IPPs). Private division indicated enthusiasm for power segment however lion’s share of creating units of IPPs depended on Thermal age as appeared in Fig1 and Fig2 [2].

Figure2

Pakistan face another emergency as cost of fuel changed in a matter of seconds and government faces open strain to give power at low costs. This emergency government, acquaint new approaches with pull in ward control makers (IPPs). Private division indicated enthusiasm for power segment however lion’s share of creating units of IPPs depended on Thermal age as appeared in Fig1 and Fig2 [2]. Pakistan face another emergency as cost of fuel changed in a matter of seconds and government faces open strain to give power at low costs.

Hole among interest and supply has achieved 5000 MW to 8000 MW and expanding at yearly rate of 6-8%[3] .To advance and create Renewable vitality in the nation. Substitute Energy Development Board was set up by experts in mid of 2013 with a target to persuade control makers towards option and sustainable power sources [4]. Another issue which additionally assume a significant job in this power emergency is low working productivity of framework and high misfortunes in transmission and dissemination systems, to defeat this issue it is expected to create power close burden focus and circulated without complex transmission and appropriation arrange [5]. Major Rural zone in Pakistan as yet missing Electrical Energy transmission organize, while these country territories are honored with sustainable power sources. Topographically Northern territories of nation favored with enormous hydro potential, Southern pieces of KPK, Rural Sindh and Baluchistan favored with gigantic Solar potential and great Wind speed and being farming piece of nation Center is honored with superb measure of Biomass just as sun powered potential[6]. To jolt provincial piece of nation and remote territories and evade line misfortunes remain solitary vitality framework is best arrangement.

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Vitality from inexhaustible assets is entirely erratic and reliant on climatic conditions [7]. For instance, sun powered vitality is accessible during the day time yet in evenings there is zero age from nearby planetary group and other vitality choices or put away vitality is mentioned, yet relying upon Battery stockpiling influences all out framework cost. Consequently, a coordination of various sustainable power sources can diminish the effect of vulnerabilities existing in RES and makes them progressively dependable.

OBJECTIVES

Modeling of Micro-Hydro, Solar PV and Biomass Hybrid Renewable Energy System.

•Effects of vulnerability or changes in factors over which planner has no control, for example, stream of water, fuel cost or sun powered light.

•Effect of various dispatch procedures, for example, Load is following or Cycle Charging on framework cost and its segments.

•Optimization of framework to accomplish required interest financially and supply vitality with no interference.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Environmental change is one of the vital issues of our general public. Non-renewable energy source has 80% portion of our present all out vitality creation and two third of our planet CO2 discharge is because of these vitality frameworks, by 2050 vitality request will turn out to be twofold and these emanations will enormously outperform the farthest point of CO2 that can be transmitted to the Earth [9]. To handle this natural issue, inexhaustible sources give off an impression of being a viable and noticeable arrangement. Another issue identified with the ordinary vitality age framework is fuel value which differs significantly, despite the fact that a ton of research is done yet can’t be anticipate precisely as quick consumption of these sources. As indicated by [10] considering complete utilization of petroleum derivatives at same rate as in 2006, Oil, Coal and Gas stores will be exhausted in 40,200 and 70 years separately. For this reason, solid endeavors are made internationally to present increasingly sustainable power sources on the planet’s vitality blend. Sustainable power source assets are choices for power age and their magnificent potential can guarantee the world’s vitality request many occasions over. Sustainable power source has a significant job in giving present day vitality access to the billions of individuals that keep on relying upon increasingly customary wellsprings of vitality. Some 1.5 billion individuals overall still need access to power. In numerous rustic zones of creating nations, associations with electric networks may take decades or might be financially restrictive [11]. Today, there are great options in contrast to network power and carbon-based fills that don’t need to hang tight for the extension of matrix power frameworks. These incorporate a wide cluster of new and sustainable power source frameworks that can accommodate both explicit end uses and general country vitality administrations. In this manner, there is a probability to accelerate the change to present day vitality benefits through the speeding up of off-lattice sustainable power source frameworks. Electrical Energy age from sustainable power sources are considered to grow up to 2.7 occasions during time of 2010 to 2035 [12]. Various sorts of sustainable power source are demonstrated as follows

Half and half Renewable Energy Systems:

Mix of at least two than two distinctive vitality frameworks is known as half breed vitality framework. Half and half sustainable power source frameworks comprise of one inexhaustible and one ordinary or both are sustainable of various sources. Crossover sustainable frameworks turns out to be increasingly mainstream with new improvement and inquires about in inexhaustible advancements and power hardware which make it conceivable to plan various loads and producing units as indicated by the interest and supply of framework.

For a neighborhood Dalbandin, region Chaghi in [13] various frameworks comprise of independent PV and Battery, independent Wind and Battery and Hybrid Standalone Solar PV, Wind with Battery were reproduced in Homer which demonstrated that crossover framework cost is generally little when contrasted with single source. Thus crossover framework can be a dependable path for this region charge. Another mixture framework with sunlight based PV, Wind and Diesel as a reinforcement is talked about for Noori Abad, Sindh in [14]. Various structures were displayed and absolute expense of framework were investigated utilizing Homer reenactment demonstrated that with diesel generator as a reinforcement decline battery bank size to 50 batteries all out framework cost decline with 0.84 sustainable power source divisions. Without diesel generator considering battery bank size of 100 batteries all out framework cost increments with100% sustainable power source part and greater condition inviting when contrasted with other one.

Because of erratic situations of sustainable power source age because of environmental change it is required to plan an ideal half breed framework which can furnish continuous power with lower sway on condition.

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems:

Blend of at least two than two diverse vitality frameworks is known as crossover vitality framework. Half and half sustainable power source frameworks comprise of one inexhaustible and one regular or both are sustainable of various sources. Half and half sustainable frameworks turns out to be progressively well known with new improvement and inquiries about in inexhaustible advancements and power gadgets which make it conceivable to plan various loads and creating units as indicated by the interest and supply of framework.

For a neighborhood Dalbandin, locale Chaghi in [13] various frameworks comprise of independent PV and Battery, independent Wind and Battery and Hybrid Standalone Solar PV, Wind with Battery were reproduced in Homer which demonstrated that cross breed framework cost is generally little when contrasted with single source. Henceforth half and half framework can be a dependable path for this territory charge. Another cross breed framework with sun based PV, Wind and Diesel as a reinforcement is talked about for Noori Abad, Sindh in [14]. Various structures were demonstrated and all out expense of framework were broke down utilizing Homer recreation demonstrated that with diesel generator as a reinforcement decline battery bank size to 50 batteries all out framework cost decline with 0.84 sustainable power source divisions. Without diesel generator considering battery bank size of 100 batteries all out framework cost increments with100% sustainable power source part and greater condition benevolent when contrasted with other one.

Because of erratic situations of sustainable power source age because of environmental change it is required to plan an ideal cross breed framework which can give continuous power lower sway on condition.

METHODOLOGY

Analysis and planning of burden profile of private burden.

•Modeling of various mixture sustainable power source frameworks and their examination.

•Selection of best sustainable hotspots for framework structure in.

•Consider various sources to give uninterruptible power supply.

•Scheduling of producing units to limit absolute framework cost.

6. REFERENCES

1. The long-term fore cast of Pakistan’s electricity supply and demand: An application of long range energy alternatives planning U. Perwez et al./Energy93 (2015 )2423e2435

2. NEPRA (National Electric Power Regulatory Authority) (2011a, 2011b)

3. Renewable energy deployment to combat energy crisis in Pakistan by Abdul Raheem, Sikandar Ali Abbasi, Asif Memon, SaleemR.Samo,Y.H.Taufiq-Yap, Michael K.DanquahandRazifHarun,

4. Pakistan Alternative Energy Development Board ventures in Solar, The Voice of Renewables

5. “Chaos in power: Pakistan’s electricity crisis” Development Research Group, The World Bank I.N. Kessides /Energy Policy 55(2013) 271–285

6. Prospects for harnessing renewable energy sources in Pakistan by S.M. HASNAIN and B.M. GraBS 7. YangH, ZhouW, LuL, FangZ. Optimal sizing method for stand-alone hybrid solar–wind system with LPSP technology by using genetic algorithm. Solar Energy 2008; 82: 354–67

8. Forecasting electricity consumption in Pakistan: the way forward by A. Hussain et al. /Energy Policy 90(2016)73–80

9. The Role of Fossil Fuels in Sustainable Energy Systems, Source: unchronicle.un.org/article/role-fossil-fuels-sustainable-energy-system

10. When will fossil fuel reserves be diminished? By S. Shafiee, E. Topal/Energy Policy 37(2009)181–189

11. Renewables 2010 Global Status Report by Renewable Energy Policy Network for the21stCentury.

12. World Energy Outlook 2012 Source: www.iae.org

13. Techno-Economic Evaluation of the Centralized Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Off-Grid Rural Electrification by Atif Naveed, Perviaz Akhterand Gussan Maaz Mufti

14. Feasibility study of hybrid energy system for off-grid rural electrification in southern Pakistan by Rehmanetal, Energy Exploration & Exploitation 2016, Vol. 34(3)468–482

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