Forum 4a:

Hook Sentences and Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due View Full Description Hide Full Description

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This week we will have two topics in this first forum.  You will be assigned one topic an then you are expected to respond to both topics in your follow-up posts.

If your last name falls between these letters than your topic is:

  • A-M:  Topic 1, Hoop sentences

Topic One: “Make food your medicine!”  Okay, did I get your attention?  This quote is attributed to Hippocrates and it is getting people’s attention. Grabbing the attention of your reader is critical to engage them in your research.  The first one or two sentences should hook them in, introduce your topic and help your reader decide whether they want to continue reading your paper.

For this forum, draft two hook examples for the research paper you are writing on the class’s research project. Discuss how the hooks draw readers in, create interest in the study and are presented at a level to which readers can relate. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings and discuss whether or not their hooks meet these criteria.

Topic 2: Giving credit, where credit is due, can be a problem.  Do you only give credit to material in quotes or do you need to give credit to ideas?  What information is required to give credit?  For example, is the author’s name or the web address adequate acknowledgment?  This discussion is not focused on which type of reference style is correct (e.g., APA vs. MLA) but on when you should give credit. Find two examples where this is not done correctly.


Initial Response: Initial responses should be no less than 150 words in length not including your reference(s) and supported by at least one reference (aside from the textbook). Initial responses are due no later than 11:55 p.m. ET on Wednesday, Day 3 of each week. This allows time for other students to respond to your initial response. Please be aware that just “cutting and pasting” sections of articles (in lieu of writing an original initial post) is not acceptable and will negatively impact your grade. 

Peer Responses: Students are required to respond to at least two (2) other student’s initial postings (and the instructor) with significant comments that have substance. Peer responses are due no later than 11:55 p.m. ET on Sunday, Day 7 of each week. All peer responses must be substantial and significant and should be no less than 100 words in. If possible, one of the responses to another’s work should be from an opposing viewpoint. Your response to your peer’s work should be engaging and informative with good substance (just stating “I agree…” is not acceptable). Your responses should contribute in a meaningful way to helping advance our knowledge of the topics the class explores. Your responses to another’s work should be posted as a sub-thread to the student’s original posting of whom you are commenting. 

Forum 4b Topic (Ethics in Youth Sport and Exercise Training)

List your chosen hypothesis.
It should be based on the hypothesis you worked on in forum 3c.  And this chosen hypothesis should be detailed and testable (an edited version of your initial hypothesis suggestions based on my and your classmate’s feedback.  This hypothesis narrows your study toward the research questions you want to ask. The hypothesis is based on the topic we chose as a class but is now specific to your area of interest within the topic.  (*If I see a major issue with your hypothesis, I will ask you to adjust it, if I don’t say anything about it proceed as you have it written.) 

(The response I gave last week for 3c)

The research problem is the link between concussions and the physical and mental heath in youth and children participating in sports.

2. Hypotheses

a) What is the frequency of concussions among youth and children who play sports and what are the reporting rates?

b)  How are concussions diagnosed and treated and are they perceived based on the mental and physical health of athletes?

c) What are incidence rates of children and youth who suffer concussions in regards to serious physical injury and depressive moods including other mental disorders?

3. Survey questions

In order to ask the right survey questions and obtain the right answers it is important to first seek the informed consent of some youth and children who are active in sports particularly those keen on seeking sports scholarships to college. This requires the presence of their parents especially for those under the age of 18 years. The survey questions entail:

a) How often are you called regarding your child’s injuries and how often is it treated as a concussion?

b) How long after your child is treated of concussion does he or she resume to play in sports

c) Have you noticed any strange behavior or physical state in your child ever since they were diagnosed and treated of concussion?


The problem is there is no link, the current link is broken, what? Please be specific and adjust your problem statement.

Dr Johnson

  1. List 2-4 survey questions that will go into your data collection survey.
    Your survey questions will be asked in your very own survey monkey survey.  (Looking ahead: You will use these questions, once refined, and any other questions you find that fit your narrowed study and your specific hypothesis in your survey monkey you send to your population sample.)

Review your classmate’s survey questions for clarity.
In your replies to your classmates, review their survey questions and make sure they are asking what they need to ask to collect the desired information and that they are clear in their presentation.  Offer suggestions for additional questions, or clarifications to their posted questions. This is to assist them, and you, in survey construction.

Forum 4c

John McEnroe is known for his numerous angry outbursts on the tennis court. Is anger and violence in sports a critical part of competing?  What about the fans who display rage and violence? Should this be curtailed?

Reading the scientific, peer-reviewed research can be confusing and requires practice, so you are going to practice finding, interpreting and reporting on articles in the next few weeks.

This week’s topic is anger and violence in sports.  Emotions play a significant role in games for both the athlete and the spectator.  This week’s forum discussion will focus on the feelings, anger, and violence, either the athlete and/or the spectator.

You are to look for a scientific, peer-reviewed research article.  The best place is the library or PubMed. Do not report on a peer-reviewed review paper on the topic.  A review paper summarizes several original research papers.  You can use a review to help you find a scientific study.  Also, a research study paper usually has the following sections: abstract, introduction, methods, results, conclusions, figures and tables. A review paper does not have these sections.

In your initial Forum post:

  • list your selected article
  • provide the reference for your chosen article
  • describe the study and the results
  • state what the study concludes
  • evaluate the article. Do you think the study made appropriate conclusions from its data? Was the study designed correctly to address the hypothesis?
  • Finally, provide your opinion on the matter. Be sure to justify your position.

Initial Response: Initial responses should be no less than 300 words in length not including your reference(s) and supported by at least one reference (aside from the textbook). Initial responses are due no later than 11:55 p.m. ET on Wednesday, Day 3 of each week. This allows time for other students to respond to your initial response. Please be aware that just “cutting and pasting” sections of articles (in lieu of writing an original initial post) is not acceptable and will negatively impact your grade.

References: Below

Kerr, John H. “A Critique of the Development of the Competitive Aggressiveness and Anger Scale.” Psychology of Sport & Exercise 9.6 (2008): 721–728. Web.

Ahmadi, Sanaz Saeed et al. “The Relationship Between Dimensions of Anger and Aggression in Contact and Noncontact Sports.” Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 30 (2011): 247–251. Web.

Fields, S K et al. “Violence in Youth Sports: Hazing, Brawling and Foul Play.” British journal of sports medicine 44.1 (2010): 32–37. Web.

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