Complete the 4 questions given below. A total of 50 marks are allocated to the questions below, which will then be converted to a mark out of 20%.

Assessment item 2

 

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Assignment 2

Value: 20%

Due Date: 23-Sep-2019

Return Date: 17-Oct-2019

Submission method options: Alternative submission method

Task

Assessment conditions: This is an individual assessment task (not a group assessment task).

Complete the 4 questions given below. A total of 50 marks are allocated to the questions below, which will then be converted to a mark out of 20%.

All workings, where appropriate, must be shown to substantiate your answers.

 

Question 1 [15 marks]

Retail operations and retail inventory

‘Little Red Riding’ began business on 1 June 2019. The business is a partnership, between Mr Wheeler and Mrs Wheeler. The business will sell children’s bicycles at the local markets. The business is not registered for GST. The following transactions occurred during June 2019:

 

Date: Details:
1-Jun Mr and Mrs Wheeler deposited $30,000 into the business bank account.
2-Jun Purchase of bicycles (100 small bicycles, and 100 large bicycles) from Red Bikes Rock Ltd on account for $10,000 ($50 per bicycle) on terms of 2/10, n/30.
4-Jun Little Red Riding received an invoice from Fast Freight Ltd relating to delivery costs for the bicycles purchased on 2 June. The amount due is $300, and is due on 18 June.
5-Jun Sent a cheque in the mail to Groove Markets Ltd for $300, for stall fees at the local markets for the month of June.
6-Jun Sale of 30 bicycles (20 small bicycles, and 10 large bicycles) at the local markets, at $100 each. All of the customers paid by cash. The money was banked at the end of the day.
10-Jun Paid Red Bikes Rock Ltd for purchases made on 2 June (net of the early payment discount), by electronic funds transfer.

 

13-Jun Sale of 10 small bicycles to a local childcare centre, at $100 each, on 30 day credit terms.
15-Jun Sent a cheque in the mail to Fast Freight Ltd, in relation to the invoice received on 4 June.
22-Jun Purchase of bicycles (30 small, and 10 large) from Red Bikes Rock Ltd on account for $2,200 ($55 per bicycle) on terms of 2/10, n/30.
23-Jun Little Red Riding received an invoice from Fast Freight Ltd relating to delivery costs for the bicycles purchased on 22 June 2019. The amount due is $180, and is due on 6 July 2019.
24-Jun Returned 20 of the small bicycles purchased on 22 June as they were damaged.
28-Jun Sale of 40 bicycles (25 small, and 15 large) at the local markets, at $100 each. All of the customers paid by cash. The money was banked at the end of the day.
30-Jun A stocktake was completed, and the number of bicycles on hand was 139 (54 small bicycles, and 85 large bicycles).

 

Mr and Mrs Wheeler have come to you for assistance, as they would like to use the perpetual inventory system and the First-in-first-out (FIFO) costing method, but are not sure how to set this up.

Required:

  1. Prepare an Excel worksheet for each of the bicycle lines for June (one for the small bicycles, and one for the large bicycles) using the FIFO costing method to keep track of the number of bicycles purchased, bicycles sold, bicycles on hand, cost of goods sold and gross profit
  2. Prepare journal entries (including any adjusting entries) for all of the business’s transactions for June (using the perpetual inventory system and FIFO costing method). Include dates, references and
  • Prepare T-accounts in an Excel spreadsheet, and post all of the above journal entries to the T-accounts. Include dates and references for each Total all of the T-accounts to determine their balances at the end of the June 2019.
  1. Prepare the ‘Adjusted Trial Balance’ in an Excel spreadsheet as at 30th June Use formulas to generate all of the figures in the ‘Adjusted Trial Balance’ from the balances in the T- Accounts.
  2. The business has a year-end of 30th Prepare the closing entries as at 30th June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019.

Please also refer to the ‘Requirements’ section below for additional submission and spreadsheet requirements.

 

 

 

Question 2 [10 marks]

 

Bank reconciliations and cash

 

This question continues on from question 1 above.

It is now September 2019, and two months have passed since you first met with Mr and Mrs Wheeler to assist them with implementing their inventory system and preparing their accounting records.

 

They have come to you for some assistance as the balance in the ‘bank’ T-Account at the end of August 2019 doesn’t agree with the closing balance on the August bank statement… and they are not sure what they have done wrong.

 

The August 2019 bank statement appeared as follows:

 

Bank statement for August 2019:
Date Description Deposit Withdrawal Balance
1/08/2019 Opening balance $12,060.00
2/08/2019 Deposit 500.00 $12,560.00
5/08/2019 Cheque 3 200.00 $12,360.00
7/08/2019 Cash deposit 3,600.00 $15,960.00
12/08/2019 EFT – Red Bikes Rock Ltd 2,200.00 $13,760.00
16/08/2019 EFT – Fast Freight Ltd 190.00 $13,570.00
16/08/2019 Cash deposit 4,200.00 $17,770.00
19/08/2019 Cheque 5 280.00 $17,490.00
20/08/2019 Cheque 6 250.00 $17,240.00
23/08/2019 EFT – Red Bikes Rock Ltd 4,300.00 $12,940.00
23/08/2019 Cash deposit 3,400.00 $16,340.00

 

25/08/2019 Cheque 7 2,000.00 $14,340.00
26/08/2019 Cheque 10 260.00 $14,080.00
30/08/2019 Cash deposit 5,000.00 $19,080.00
31/08/2019 Annual bank fee 60.00 $19,020.00
31/08/2019 Interest 20.00 $19,040.00
31/08/2019 Closing balance $19,040.00

 

 

Little Red Riding’s accounting records for August 2019 showed an opening balance for the ‘bank’ account of $12,060, which agreed with the bank statement at 31 July 2019. Following is a summary of deposits and withdrawals recorded by Mr and Mrs Wheeler in their accounting records during August:

 

Withdrawals: Deposits:
Amount
Date Detail Amount Date banked
2/08/2019 Cheque 3 $200.00
15/08/2019 EFT – Fast Freight Ltd $199.00 7/08/2019 $3,600.00
16/08/2019 Cheque 4 $160.00 16/08/2019 $4,200.00
18/08/2019 Cheque 5 $280.00 23/08/2019 $4,300.00
18/08/2019 Cheque 6 $250.00 30/08/2019 $500.00
23/08/2019 EFT – Red Bikes Rock Ltd $3,400.00
22/08/2019 Cheque 7 $2,000.00
23/08/2019 Cheque 8 $260.00
25/08/2019 Cheque 9 $390.00
25/08/2019 Cheque 10    $260.00
$7,399.00 $12,600.00

 

The bank did not make any errors.

 

Required:

 

  1. Prepare a letter to Mr & Mrs Wheeler, explaining why the bank balance in the ledger account (or T-Account) won’t always equal the balance on the bank statement on a particular

 

date, and common reasons for differences. Also provide an introduction and overview of bank reconciliations – What is a bank reconciliation? What is its purpose? How is it prepared?

 

  1. Prepare the bank reconciliation for Little Red Riding at 31 August

 

  • Prepare the journal entries to correct any errors made by Little Red Riding, and to record transactions that have not yet been entered into the business’s accounting (Note: The correction of any errors relating to the recording of cheques or EFT payments should be made to ‘Accounts payable’. The correction of any errors relating to deposits (other than interest received) should be made to ‘Accounts receivable’.)

 

  1. Prepare the ‘bank’ T-Account account for August 2019, in order to determine the balance in the ledger account after the above journal entries have been recorded and

 

 

 

Question 3 [15 marks]

Internal controls

This question continues on from question 1 and question 2 above.

It is now July 2020, and Mr and Mrs Wheeler have been very successful in growing the business of Little Red Riding. The business now operates at 3 markets in the region, and employs 4 employees (Mr and Mrs Wheeler sell bicycles at one local market each week, and 2 employees are assigned to sell bicycles at the Bidgee Markets, and 2 employees are assigned to sell bicycles at the Junee markets).

Mr and Mrs Wheeler have come to you for advice, as they appear to be having problems with their inventory and/or cash receipts. They have been keeping track of inventory using the two worksheets that you showed them (in Question 1(i) above). They really like how it keeps track of inventory on hand, and they tell you how much they love not having to count inventory each and every week after the markets to see what inventory is left.

When they completed the stocktake on 30 June 2020, the closing balance of inventory in each worksheet didn’t match with the actual number of small and large bicycles on hand. The worksheets showed that the closing inventory was 58 small bicycles, and 46 large bicycles.

The stocktake showed that the business actually had 42 small bicycles and 30 large bicycles.

You review their inventory worksheets, and there are no errors in their worksheets… so it appears that cash takings and/or some bicycle have been stolen. You also review the three cash receipt books (one used at each of the three markets), and the amount of cash takings banked for the year was $300 less than the takings as per the cash receipt books.

Mr and Mrs Wheeler are unsure what has happened.

Required:

Undertake some research on internal controls and employee theft.

 

Prepare a business report on internal controls for Mr and Mrs Wheeler. In your business report:

 

  • Explain what internal controls are, and the importance of implementing internal controls to safeguard the business’s assets;
  • Discuss the risk of employee theft, and how big of a problem employee theft is in Australia;
  • Explain three possible ways that employees could have stolen cash and/or bicycles from the business without Mr and Mrs Wheeler realising;
  • Discuss three controls/procedures that Mr and Mrs Wheeler should implement in their business to help prevent employee

(Word guide: 1,500 – 2,000 words)

 

 

 

Question 4 [10 marks]

Property, plant and equipment

This question continues on from question 1, 2 and question 3 above.

Little Red Riding purchased a 3 tonne Isuzu truck on 1st July 2020, for $45,000, funded via a bank loan. The truck will be used to store and transport bicycles to and from each of the weekly markets. Mr and Mrs Wheeler have contacted you to find out how they need to account for depreciation. They would like to use the cost model, but don’t have any understanding of the straight-line method, units-of-production method and reducing balance method. The truck has an estimated useful life of ten years (300,000 kilometres), and the estimated residual value is

$10,000.

 

Mr and Mrs Wheeler estimate that the truck will travel 20,000km/year in years 1 – 3, 30,000km/ year in years 4 – 7, and 40,000km/year in years 8 – 10.

 

Required:

Prepare a memo to Mr & Mrs Wheeler, explaining what depreciation is, and how depreciation is calculated under each of the three methods. To illustrate the differences in the annual depreciation expense to Mr & Mrs Wheeler, prepare a depreciation schedule (for the entire useful life of the truck) using each of the three methods. When preparing the depreciation schedule using the reducing balance method, use 2 times the straight-line rate. Ignore any GST. Show all relevant workings.

 

 

Rationale

This assessment task will assess the following learning outcome/s:

  • be able to apply conceptual and technical aspects of accounting and prepare relevant business financial
  • be able to appraise the use of information technology including spreadsheet software in accounting problem solving, and evaluate the Internet as a professional
  • be able to demonstrate relevant business communication skills including report
  • be able to contextualise and evaluate accounting information for decision making

 

purposes.

Assessment task 2 is designed to give you further opportunity to demonstrate knowledge and skills in more in-depth aspects of accounting and information systems including bank reconciliations, inventory systems, financial reports, accounting for non-current assets, as well as concepts and the application of spreadsheet software to the presentation and solution of accounting problems.

 

Marking criteria and standards

The marking guide for this assessment task is provided below.

 

Criteria High Distinction Distinction Credit Pass
Question 1: Apply computer software and basic accounting ideas, concepts and techniques to prepare accounting information that is useful for decision making.

 

Discuss, analyse and/or critique accounting techniques and methods used in practice, and financial information that is prepared.

Demonstrates the ability to use computer software and spreadsheets to prepare useful accounting information for a variety of users, without flaw.

 

Appropriate calculations and workings are shown, and are logical and well presented.

 

Where necessary, all required Excel spreadsheet features and functions have been applied.

 

Discussions and explanations presented are exemplary and clear, well justified, and show an in- depth understanding of the topic.

Demonstrates the ability to use computer software and spreadsheets to prepare useful accounting information for a variety of users, with minor flaw.

 

Calculations and workings shown are appropriate, with minor flaw.

 

Where necessary, almost all of the required Excel spreadsheet features and functions have been applied.

 

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and succinct, and show a thorough understanding of the topic.

Demonstrates the ability to use computer software and spreadsheets to prepare useful accounting information for a variety of users, with a limited number of minor flaws.

 

Calculations and workings shown are appropriate, with a limited number of minor errors.

 

Where necessary, most of the required Excel spreadsheet features and functions have been applied.

 

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and adequate, and show a good understanding of the topic.

Demonstrates the ability to use computer software and spreadsheets to prepare useful accounting information for a variety of users, with a limited number of errors.

 

Calculations and workings are shown but contain errors or lack detail, and/or contain errors.

 

Where necessary, most of the required Excel spreadsheet features and functions have been applied.

 

Discussions and explanations presented are basic, and show a satisfactory understanding of the topic.

Question 2:  

Demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of accounting

Demonstrates a  

Demonstrates a good understanding of accounting

 

Demonstrates a satisfactory understanding of accounting

Discuss and thorough
apply understanding
accounting of accounting
tools, concepts

and techniques

concepts and

 

Criteria High Distinction Distinction Credit Pass
to prepare accounting information that is useful for decision making, and assists businesses safeguard their assets.

 

Demonstrate relevant business communication skills.

 

concepts and techniques, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, without flaw.

Appropriate calculations and workings are shown, and are logical and well presented.

techniques, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with minor flaw.

Calculations and workings shown are appropriate, with minor flaw.

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and succinct, and show a thorough understanding of the topic.

 

The writing style is clear and succinct, easy to read and it is grammatically correct with accurate use of syntax, spelling and punctuation.

 

In-text citations have been included where necessary in almost all instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with minor flaw.

Answers are presented in an appropriate

 

concepts and techniques, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with a limited number of minor errors.

Calculations and workings shown are appropriate, with a limited number of minor errors.

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and adequate, and show a good understanding of the topic.

 

The writing style is appropriate and easy to read most of the time, with mostly accurate use of syntax, spelling and punctuation.

 

In-text citations have been included where necessary in most instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with a number of minor flaws.

 

concepts and techniques, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with a limited number of errors.

Calculations and workings are shown but contain errors or lack detail, and/or contain errors.

 

Discussions and explanations presented are basic, and show a satisfactory understanding of the topic.

 

The writing style is appropriate and easy to read most of the time, with mostly accurate use of syntax, spelling and punctuation.

 

In-text citations have been included where necessary in most instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with a limited number of flaws.

Discussions and explanations presented are exemplary and clear, well justified, and show an in- depth understanding of the topic.
The writing style is succinct, cohesive, easy to read and it is grammatically correct with accurate use of syntax, spelling and punctuation.
In-text citations have been included where necessary. APA referencing system has been followed, without flaw.
Answers are

 

Criteria High Distinction Distinction Credit Pass
 

presented in an

 

format and are

 

Answers are presented in an appropriate format and are structured well.

 

Answers are presented in an appropriate format and are structured satisfactorily.

appropriate structured very
format and are

structured

well.
exceptionally
well.
Question 3:

Discuss and apply accounting ideas, concepts and techniques to assist businesses safeguard their assets.

Demonstrate relevant business communication skills including report writing.

Demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of internal controls, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, without flaw.

Discussions and explanations presented are exemplary and clear, well justified, and show an in- depth understanding of the topic.

In-text citations have been included where necessary. APA referencing system has been followed, without flaw.

Answers are presented in an appropriate format and are structured exceptionally well.

Demonstrates a thorough understanding of internal controls, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with minor flaw.

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and succinct, and show a thorough understanding of the topic.

In-text citations have been included where necessary in almost all instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with minor flaw.

Answers are presented in an appropriate format and are structured very well.

Demonstrates a good understanding of internal controls, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with a limited number of minor errors.

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and adequate, and show a good understanding of the topic.

In-text citations have been included where necessary in most instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with a number of minor flaws.

 

Answers are presented in an appropriate format and are structured well.

Demonstrates a satisfactory understanding of internal controls, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with a limited number of errors.

Discussions and explanations presented are basic, and show a satisfactory understanding of the topic.

In-text citations have been included where necessary in most instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with a limited number of flaws.

 

Answers are presented in an appropriate format and are structured satisfactorily.

 

Criteria High Distinction Distinction Credit Pass
Question 4: Apply conceptual and technical aspects of accounting to account for non- current assets and prepare relevant business financial statements.

 

Demonstrate relevant business communication skills.

Demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of accounting concepts and techniques related to accounting for non-current assets, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, without flaw.

Appropriate calculations and workings are shown, and are logical and well presented.

Demonstrates a thorough understanding of accounting concepts and techniques related to accounting for non-current assets, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with minor flaw.

Calculations and workings shown are appropriate, with minor flaw.

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and succinct, and show a thorough understanding of the topic.

In-text citations have been included where necessary in almost all instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with minor flaw.

Answers are presented in an appropriate

Demonstrates a good understanding of accounting concepts and techniques related to accounting for non-current assets, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with a limited number of minor errors.

Calculations and workings shown are appropriate, with a limited number of minor errors.

Discussions and explanations presented are clear and adequate, and show a good understanding of the topic.

In-text citations have been included where necessary in most instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with a number of minor flaws.

 

Answers are

Demonstrates a satisfactory understanding of accounting concepts and techniques related to accounting for non-current assets, and the ability to apply these to a range of practical situations, with a limited number of errors.

Calculations and workings are shown but contain errors or lack detail, and/or contain errors.

Discussions and explanations presented are basic, and show a satisfactory understanding of the topic.

In-text citations have been included where necessary in most instances. APA referencing system has been followed, with a limited number of flaws.

 

Answers are presented in an

Discussions and explanations presented are exemplary and clear, well justified, and show an in- depth understanding of the topic.
In-text citations have been included where necessary. APA referencing system has been followed, without flaw.
Answers are presented in an appropriate format and are

 

Criteria High Distinction Distinction Credit Pass
 

structured exceptionally well.

 

format and are structured very well.

presented in an appropriate format and are structured well. appropriate format and are structured satisfactorily.

 

 

Presentation

It is essential that presentation of assignments adheres to accepted standards in relation to neatness and layout, as you are practicing to present material in a work situation.

For spreadsheet questions, ensure that you adhere to the spreadsheet requirements (refer to the ‘Requirements’ section below).

For questions that require you to prepare a business report, your report should include a title page, executive summary, table of contents, introduction, body, conclusion, recommendations, and reference list.

You need to provide references and prepare a reference list using the APA referencing style with your assignment. Note: when preparing a business report, include a reference list as part of the business report. You need to provide a reference whenever you draw on someone else’s words, ideas or research. You should also provide references for any graphic information you use. Films, television programs, personal communications and online sources also need to be referenced.

Requirements

Your Turnitin submission will consist of two files: a Word file and an Excel file. Paste the ‘normal’ view and ‘formula’ view of each spreadsheet into your Word file, displaying row and column headings. Thus, your Word file will provide a complete answer to every question. The separate Excel file will provide a clear demonstration of correct spreadsheet structures. The pasted formula view may need to have adjusted column widths to display formulas correctly. Use portrait orientation wherever possible.

 

Spreadsheet requirements:

  1. For good spreadsheet design, it is very important that you have completely separate data and solution/report A good spreadsheet solution format is to key in the question in a structure which allows the solution to be completely formula driven. There should be no data in the report/solution area.
  2. Name the worksheet tag(s) at the bottom of the Excel screen with the question Use a separate worksheet for each question that needs to be completed in Excel. See examples in the ‘Spreadsheet Advice’ PDF in the ‘Resources’ folder on Interact.
  3. Where appropriate, use the ‘IF function’ to provide built in checks of balances, net profit/net loss
  4. We have provided spreadsheet examples to guide you in the ‘Spreadsheet Advice’ PDF document in Also consider using the spreadsheet templates available with

 

your text and other online spreadsheet advice, but note that the text templates do not comply with all of the assignment spreadsheet requirements above.

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