Parts of a research paper : Best Guide

Parts of a research paper : Best Guide

Do you struggle to write your research papers? Are you looking for ways to craft compelling parts of a research paper?

Every student at some point in the academic journey will be required to write a research paper. Whether you are pursuing a bachelor’s degree or a master’s, you will need to present a research paper at some point.

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Most students find writing research papers time-consuming and challenging. Other students do not fully understand the structure of a research paper.

The following guide will show you the different parts of a research paper. When you understand the role of each section in a research paper, you will be able to write an excellent research paper,

1.    Title page for a research paper

The first page of a research paper shows the name of your research. A writer creates a title for a research paper that reflects the content of a paper.

A title should be creative, informative, and engaging. An effective title will lure readers into reading the introduction part of a research paper. Write a title that reflects your topic.

Apart from a title, the first page of a research paper also shows the name of the author, a running header, and the name of college or university. The name of your college should be at the bottom part of the title page.

2.    Parts of a research paper: abstract

Readers can find a summary of a research paper before reading other sections of your paper. An abstract presents a brief version of research in approximately 250 words.

The main purpose of an abstract is to give an overview of what is coming next in the body of your paper. Look at examples on the internet and get insights on how to write an abstract APA.

3.    Research paper introduction

The first paragraph of a research paper introduces the topic of research to readers. A student provides background information and puts the topic in context.

A brief hint about what the research paper will discuss can be part of the introduction. Do not reveal too much information in your introduction. Provide details in the body section.

4.    Methodology

How was the research conducted? Methodology explains what you did and how you did it. Describe the materials, study designs, and procedures. A report should provide details about participants in the research.

Make sure all participants provide consent to participate in your study. Research can involve experiments. In some cases, experiments can be more than one. Provide details for each experiment separately in the methods section.

5.    Results section

When you conduct an experiment, you need to provide results. The investigation may require observation and recording of results.

Present your findings to the reader in the result section of your paper. Results can describe data using statistical methods. When writing a research paper, you can perform an analysis and present the outcome.

6.    Discussion

Results from research might need interpretation. The discussion section is where you summarize the results from your experiment.

Explain to readers the significance of such results and connect your explanation to the topic. Write down any limitations you experience when collecting results.

What is the impact of such limitations on your results? Address all challenges and make suggestions for more research in the future

7.    Reference section

When writing parts of a scientific research paper, you need to provide evidence to support a discussion. Such evidence can come from quotes from relevant and authoritative sites, books, magazines, and journals.

It is important to make sure you provide a reference for quotes, statistics, or any other information in your research paper. Correct references help you avoid plagiarism issues.

Check your instructor’s instructions when referencing a research paper. Read instructions and identify the referencing style you are asked to use.

APA formatting style is one of the standard formats. Universities and colleges use this style and others for referencing research papers.

When writing an APA research paper, use APA guidelines. Sources should be in alphabetical order. Follow guidelines on how to write author names, book or article titles, dates, page numbers, and publishers.

8.    Tables

Some research paper assignments might require you to present tables. The research you conduct will determine whether a table is necessary or not.

When using APA research paper format, all your tables should be after the reference page. Include graphs and data. Other formatting styles allow writers to embed tables in relevant areas in the text.

9.    Appendix

Any extra information that you want to share with readers can be added in the appendix section. Such information includes any interesting information about your experiment, analysis, or activity you want readers to know about.

10.           Multiple experiment research papers

Some studies require more than one experiment. When writing a research paper for such studies, you have to include all experiments.

The structure of a multiple experiment research paper is slightly different. After the introduction paragraph, discuss the first experiment.

Include the methods and results sections. Apply the same structure to the second experiment and other experiments that follow.

11.           Literature review

Research papers that review published work have a different structure. Literature review research papers have an introduction, body sections, and discussions. The methodology section is not necessary for a literature review paper.

Parts of a thesis research paper

The three main sections of a research paper: are an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. A research paper is also known as a thesis research paper. When writing a thesis research paper, consider the following parts

1.     The first part

Begin your research paper with a cover page. Table of contents, and a list of tables and figures. Each page has specific requirements, including formatting style. Some styles include a running header.

2.     The second part

The contents of a research paper can vary. A research paper will have an introduction, theoretical basis, project implementation, results, and a discussion section. Other research papers might not have some sections.

3.     The third part

The third and final part of a paper has a reference and appendices. Write books, articles, and scholarly journals using the correct formatting style. Proper referencing will increase your marks.

How to write a research paper

Research papers need adequate preparation. Students should prepare before beginning the writing process. When an instructor assigns you a research paper topic, first read and understand the question.

Find out the goal of the assignments. Mark specific areas that you need to pay attention to.

Ask your instructor to explain parts of the assignment you do not understand. The foremost step in writing a successful research paper is understanding the question and providing an accurate answer.

1.     Choose a topic for research

An instructor can give students a research topic or prompts that will guide them in writing a research paper. When you have a list of topics, choose one that interests you. An interesting topic is easier to research and write.

Other times the assignment may require you to research a topic and write about it. Perform preliminary research and create a list of topic ideas.

Look for ideas online school library, or watch videos for inspiration. Read literature reviews from past research papers. Consider suggestions for further research.

Past research papers provide interesting subjects that many people have not researched. Such areas can provide unique topics that will catch your instructor’s attention.

It is a good method of producing a unique research paper.  Select the best topic and make sure it captivates you.

Preliminary research will help you determine whether a topic is too wide or too narrow. A broad subject might not fit in an academic paper. Narrow it down so that you can write a focused paper.

2.     Write a thesis statement

After you identify a topic, write the central message about the topic. A thesis statement is the main message you will discuss throughout your paper.

A reader can know what a paper is about when reading a thesis statement.  Write your thesis before you begin writing a research paper. A thesis statement should be one or two sentences, brief and clear.

3.     Create an outline for the research paper

An outline is the skeleton of your research paper. It provides a roadmap with major information that you elaborate on later.

Write down the key topics you will discuss and a short version of the arguments you will present. The structure should have an introduction, body section, and conclusion as parts of a research paper.

4.     Write your first drafts

Flesh out the structure of your research paper with more details. Add the information you discovered in your study.

Present details about any experiments you may have conducted. Discuss data collection methods and study participants. Provide details about age, gender, and other useful data.

Perform an analysis of all relevant information and write the results in your research paper. Remember to discuss challenges. Explain how such challenges affect the outcome of an experiment.

Write a compelling body section as part of a research paper. Present your points, evidence, and examples from authoritative external sources.

Look at a research paper example online and get inspiration on how to write your paper. The conclusion paragraph summarizes what you discuss and restate your thesis statement.

Research paper format

Research papers have different types of formats depending on the research. When writing a research paper, make sure you choose the right format.

For example, a scientific research paper format is different from a developmental research paper. A literature review format may not include some sections found in a scientific research paper. Here is a research paper format you can consider.


Introduce your topic and provide brief background information. Include a thesis statement at the end of your introduction. A thesis should be brief and concise.

Body paragraphs

Each body paragraph should present a point. Support your point with credible evidence and relevant examples from external sources. Summarize the discussion with a concluding sentence that connects the point of discussion to the topic.


Summarize your main points. Explain the significance of your research. Paraphrase your thesis statement and make recommendations for future research.

Reference Section

Cite your sources. Include all materials that you provide as evidence or examples to back up your claim. Look at the assignment instructions and provide the correct paper format.

Each formating style has a specific way of referencing a book, journal, or academic website article. Obtain the guideline and use them to write your paper. For example, an instructor might ask you to write using an APA format research paper.

Edit and proofread your work

Revise and proofread your research paper. Confirm the accuracy of data, evidence, and examples. Proofreading is an important stage in writing a research paper. Do not rush while doing it.

Take a few hours break or a day before you read your paper again.  Ask a friend or a classmate to read and make recommendations. When your paper is well-polished, submit it to your instructor.

Research paper format

Provide sources of information you have used in your paper. Consider the different formatting styles.

The most common formatting styles in universities and colleges are APA, Chicago, MLA, and Harvard. Look for more formating styles and familiarize yourself with them.

Before using any style, check the instructions and follow the formatting style your instructor recommends. Perform research online and look at APA format paper examples.

Check the format of your entire paper. Look at the font size, page layout, references, and headings. Confirm the formatting instructions and apply them to your paper.

Key takeaway

When students understand parts of a research paper, writing becomes easy. Research papers are different depending on many factors.

Each section of a research paper plays a specific role. For example, a thesis statement should guide the writing process, while a body paragraph presents discussions and arguments.

Understand the different parts of a research paper APA and other formatting styles. Thorough research and presentation of your paper will help you get s higher grade. To learn more about parts of a research paper, contact research paper help experts.

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