How to Write Causal Analysis Essay: Best tips

How to Write Causal Analysis Essay: Best tips

Some of the most dreaded questions in everyday life are: Why are your grades down? Why did we lose the game? Why are we making losses? As it were, a deep analysis of these questions can yield tangible solutions. Understanding the cause and effect phenomenon is a notable trait of critical thinking. And by extension, the ability to write a causal analysis essay amplifies this trait.

Socrates sowed the seeds of critical thinking about 2,500 years ago. He did so by asking his audience not to depend on those in authority for sound knowledge and insight. Socrates further emphasized the primal value of deep analysis.

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According to him, you should never accept anything at face value. The premise being that you must first learn and understand the factors affecting an issue. Then, study and quantify the interactions of these factors to eventuality. But why should it matter?

Causality permeates every aspect of life. Every issue you encounter has a solution. Your aim should therefore be to master and use this valuable trait (causal analysis) to:

  1. Understand issues 
  2. Decipher the past and predict the future
  3. Make projections and plans 
  4. Make enlightened decisions
  5. Put in place changes

An accurate causal analysis is your first step to writing a resourceful causal analysis essay. If you need help writing causal analysis essay, visit our essay writing service for quality assistance. This article shares factual tips on how to write a causal analysis essay.

What is a causal analysis essay?

A causal analysis essay explains why or how some event happened and the consequences that resulted from this event. Its topic determines the context of the narrative. Thus, you should ensure a thorough understanding of the selected topic.

What is an analysis essay? Is it similar to a causal analysis essay? Yes, it is. You can also equate it to a causal argument essay. This type of essay is heavy on the detail of how and why something happened.

What is the purpose of a causal analysis?

Further examination of the meaning of causal analysis definition describes it as; a means to identify and understand the ‘why’ in every action. Its main purpose being to

  • Speculate on a theory
  • Argue against a widely held stance
  • Convince you by proving a point

Once a causal analysis proves its point, the focus shifts to finding solutions. Causal analysis is unique because it doesn’t dither with symptoms, speculations, or reasons. Its primary concern is changing a dismal narrative to a favorable one.

Objectives of causal analysis essay

A causal analysis essay aims to achieve the following;

  1. Analyze an issue: When an issue arises, the first action is to analyze it. The aim is to establish whether it’s the real cause and not a symptom, speculation, or reason
  2. Pinpoint a problem: Once you identify the real cause of an issue, the troubleshooting shouldn’t stop. You should seek to delve into the root causes. Those involved in this exercise are the ones who encountered or know about the issue plus quality control experts
  3. Know the root causes: Incessant troubleshooting and probing will yield the root cause of the issue. The root cause (or problem statement) is then recorded for further review and action
  4. Find solutions: With the problem statement at hand, seek to have conclusive discussions with the key participants and make plans to find lasting solutions

How do you do a causal analysis?

When seeking the root cause of an issue or problem, narrow down on the whys. Deep probing by pursuing this angle is certain to yield the root cause of an issue. Below is a clear illustration of the methods you can use to extract not only causes but also root causes of issues.

  • Reviews and testing
  • Thorough auditing of systems, processes, and projects
  • Continuous maintenance that takes note of deviations, no matter how slight
  • Customer complaints, especially ongoing or recurring ones
  • Capturing issues arising at any level e.g. through the help desk log

Metrics for root cause analysis

To find causes and root causes there are various methods to trace and analyze issues. Examples of the relevant ones to you for this exercise are:

  1. Cause and effect diagrams: An elaborate diagram that probes every detail stands the best chance of eliminating the issue. Since the late 1960s, fishbone cause and effect diagrams have been pivotal in brainstorming cause and effect issues.

Note the fishbone cause and effect diagram below.  The design, shape, and focus make it an effective root cause analysis tool.

causal analysis essay

Root cause analysis has to be comprehensive to remove deep-seated causes. These include everything likely to trigger the issue. The effect is the outcome of the process or the issue that needs a solution.

You can also customize the factors in your diagram to the exact ones in the issue you’re addressing. Here are steps to take when creating your cause and effect diagram.

  1. Highlight the issue to solve and expected outcome (effect)
  2. Write the effect on the right and extend a horizontal line from it to the left
  3. Next, select the categories that will feature the causes and the actions needed to achieve the goal
  4. The categories will act as the main factors of your diagram. Each main factor then branches off the horizontal line you created in step 2
  5. Focus on each factor and troubleshoot to establish causes. Write the causes identified on the branches of those of the main factors
  6. Continue probing and note down all the possible causes of variations in each branch

Pareto Analysis

The Pareto Analysis is a statistical decision-making technique for assessing competing problems and the impact of fixing them. It cuts off the fluff, allowing you to only focus on the most beneficial solutions.

It relies on the Pareto Principle or the 80/20 rule to arrive at this conclusion. The overarching idea here is that you spend 20% of resources to generate 80% income. As an example of how to apply the Pareto Analysis in situations;

  • 80% of global resources are controlled by 20% of its population
  • 20% of a system’s defects cause 80% of its dysfunction


Below are the steps to carrying out a Pareto analysis:

     i.        Issue analysis

Gather feedback from all relevant parties and list it down. You could also make a list of real and perceived issues. This is according to what you’ve seen, heard, or even imagined. Your data harnessing methods could be in the form of; customer surveys, customer feedback forms, or complaints.

   ii.        Identify the root cause of each issue

This step involves a profound interrogation of the root cause of each issue. Here you can incorporate the use of several techniques like:

  • ‘The 5 whys’ process: This was invented by Sakichi Toyoda. He was a Japanese industrialist, inventor, and founder of Toyota Industries. The technique involves asking ‘why’ questions five or more times to address an issue. The more you ask the questions, the closer you get to its root cause.
  • Cause and effect analysis: Use the various fishbone and tree diagrams to aid your root cause analysis. These diagrams help to organize the theories advanced at brainstorms or mind-mapping sessions and present them in graphic form.
  • Root cause analysis: This technique traces an issue to its origins. Then it seeks a suitable approach to solve it. It’s based on the premise that prevention is better than treatment.

  iii.        Score the issues

By scoring an issue, you’re attaching a value to it. It could be by the level of importance or cost, but it depends on the nature of the issue.

For example, An issue that involves customer dissatisfaction scores by level of importance to your reputation and brand. A failed product launch scores by the cost of each issue identified.

  iv.        Band the issues together

Refer to step 3 and group any issues arising from a commonality together. If ten issues stem from a drop-in revenue, lump them together.

   v.        Add the scores

Tally up the scores from each group and watch the 80/20 come to action. The group with the highest score becomes top priority. The least score gets the lowest priority. Most C-suite executives use this method to arrive at quick but informed strategic decisions.

  vi.        Take Action

With a solution identified, it’s now time to act and ease it. You might find that in some instances, the solution is a complete elimination of the issues, especially the low scorers. The issues might prove to be too expensive and not worth the hassle in the long run.

These metrics will prove handy when doing your causal analysis. They’ll give you handy solutions while saving you time, energy, and valuable resources.

Choosing your causal analysis topic

To some people, any sort of deep analysis or interpretation of diagrams is complex. Well, at least that’s not the case with writing a causal analysis essay. You can make it easy and enjoyable by:

  • Choosing a suitable topic
  • Knowing vital formatting and structure rules
  • Having a sound understanding of the relationship between cause and effect

Remember, a cause must have a direct effect and not a symptom, speculation, or reason. You must know how to differentiate the three. You should also not confuse cause with correlation. Things can happen at the same time, without there being a direct cause-and-effect relationship.

Another way to score high in such an essay is to improve your analytical and critical thinking skills. This will help you identify cause-and-effect relationships, regardless of the topic. You will further know how to prove each cause and effect’s role.

You also need to enhance your skills on how to write an essay. This will increase your chances of performing better in your causal analysis essay.

Here are some ideas on selecting causal analysis topics from scratch.

  • Trending topic: Social media is awash with viable topics for you to analyze. Trawl various feeds, review what trendsetters are focusing on, and voila! You have topic ideas
  • Random argument: Think of some discussions you’ve had with friends. Was there anything memorable that you would like to explore further?
  • Prevalent news headlines: Even if you’re not a news hog, this is a minefield. Scan your news feeds for a ton of viable topics
  • Ask friends and family: You’ll discover they are harboring some pretty fantastic topic ideas.

How to write a strong causal analysis essay

Now, a causal analysis essay isn’t persuasive or argumentative, not at all. It’s a piece of writing that convinces the reader in an instant. While the right evidence is critical to your argument, your analysis is more fundamental. Your reader needs to understand how the evidence and argument connect.

These three pillars will help you tighten your argument to deliver a strong analysis.

  • A problem statement that states your main argument
  • An analysis that ties back to the problem statement and supports it
  • Evidence to support the analysis and allow for a deep dive into the issue

The difference between analysis and summary

An analysis and summary both help a reader understand a topic or issue. But to avoid the incidence of tangled meanings in your mind, here’s a clear explanation of the difference.

An analysis probe an issue, breaks it down in specific detail and explains each part. Since analysis is sure to contain statistics and diagrams, ensure the language used is comprehensible. It must be precise, neutral, and accurate. You should also use a legible font like sans-serif for screens and serif fonts for paper.

A summary captures in brief key highlights of any original content. To ensure that it’s comprehensive, write it in the present tense. You should also rephrase it, writing in concise and straightforward language. A summary outline notably has a title, the author’s name, body, the critical message in the present tense, and a reference list.

The strategy for a summary is not to go beyond the original content. For analysis, only choose the parts that justify your problem statement.

Formats for your causal analysis essay

Besides defining semantics, there’s another critical point to understand and internalize. These are the formats to use when writing your causal analysis essay.

     i.        Single effect with many causes

For example, death is an effect of war, but it has many causes such as illness, accidents, etc.

   ii.        Single cause with many effects

Sample this, hunger is the cause; its effects are malnutrition, death, crime, etc.

  iii.        Causal chain

This shows a chain of causes and effects and can be pretty complex. A clear illustration you can refer to is a traffic accident.

  1. Two or more cars collide
  2. It causes a snarl-up
  3. Someone gets caught up and doesn’t get to their destination on time
  4. They miss their flight and so on.

How to structure your causal analysis essay

Before you start writing, it’s essential to create an outline to ensure a logical flow and structure. Review the guide below, on how to structure your causal analysis essay.

     i.        Settle on a topic

If you focus on causes, be clear on the cause and effect relationship in that situation. If you opt for effects, consider the outcome and possible solutions.

For instance, topics driven by causes are:

  • Why social media is a trigger for mental issues?
  • What causes international migration?
  • Why you would rather walk than ride on the bus?

Topics driven by effects or outcomes are:

  • The effect of heroin addiction on urban youth in New York
  • The impact of climate change on agriculture

Remember:  Your selected topic must carry an actual cause and effect relationship.

The stance you take after analyzing this topic must be clear and evident to your readers.

   ii.        Create your problem statement

Explain in a single sentence what your analysis seeks to address. Ensure that you tell the reader whether your topic is focusing on a cause or effect. It should also give an overall view of the essay and list your ideas in a structured manner.


This is the opening section of your essay. To start, you’ll give a brief background of the issue. But first, rope in your reader using an anecdote, a factual statement, or a thought-provoking statistic. Once you have their rapt attention, share your problem statement. Always do this at the end of the introduction.

Still, there’s another way to introduce your topic without much ado. Ask a rhetorical question, then proceed to give context for the issue. A good example would be to ask why Alzheimer’s affects people over 65. This then leads to your definitions and explanations of the issue before sharing your problem statement. Remember, your introduction’s format should have:

  • A hook
  • Detail of background and context
  • The problem statement

The body

This section carries the gist of your argument in about four to five paragraphs. Start each paragraph by highlighting a salient point you’ll be making. Analyze the point and back it up with evidence to support your argument. Keep doing this in all the paragraphs until you exhaust your strong points for the topic.

  • The causal analysis essay outline for this section should have:
  • A highlight of the salient points in each paragraph
  • Analysis of each point
  • Evidence to back up your arguments at each point

Remember: A resourceful causal analysis essay must clarify the cause and effect relationship of your topic to the reader.


Most readers expect a punchy conclusion. So, this is the section where you pack your key points and appeal to their senses. Never introduce new points here because you risk losing or confusing the reader.

First, rephrase the problem statement and summarize all the salient points from the introduction and body paragraphs. Then ensure that anyone who skims your causal analysis essay lands on the conclusion and gets the basic idea. In the end, you can issue brief concluding thoughts.

  • Rephrase the problem statement
  • Summarize your salient points or critical messages as shared in the paragraphs
  • Share final concluding thoughts

Related searches

i.        Example of causal analysis essay

There are many types of causal analysis essay samples to consider. They span diverse topics like Technology, politics, history, social sciences, and more.  An excellent example of a causal analysis essay is a targeted marketing plan for a new perfume brand. The marketing plan uses organized data from market analysis to target a specific segment of the market.

ii.        Causal analysis essay on social media

This is a causal analysis essay example whose topic focuses on social media. Suitable topics you can choose on social media are:

  • The impact of social networks on mental health
  • Why does a social medium lead to mental instability?
  • Causal analysis essay on global warming

This is also another example of a causal analysis essay with the author’s preferred topic being global warming. Causal analysis topics like this emanate from the environment and nature category. If this is your field of study or area of interest, here are some topics to consider;

  • The impact of logging in the Amazon forest
  • Why do polar bears migrate?

Below are further categories and causal analysis topics to explore. You can also practice by adding your own.

Youth and children

  • UNICEF reports 35% of children in the DRC are orphans due to ravaging war.

Social issues

  • The pandemic results in rising cases of abused women and children


  • What is China’s impact on global stability and trade?
  • What recent issues should be analyzed in a political essay?


  • The risks of online shopping


A well-written causal analysis essay is proof that you’ve acquired a vital trait of critical thinking. With this skill, you’ll become an effective solutions provider regardless of the issue.

Still, it’s not enough to write an engaging analysis. You must know how to write a causal analysis essay by using proper structures and formats. Trust your professors to look out for these details in your paper. Another essential factor to observe is how to show the cause and effect relationship in your topic.

If you have any questions on how to write a causal analysis essay, contact thehomeworkwritings today. If not, share this article on your social media platforms or leave feedback in the comments section.

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