The Human Development Index uses social and economic development in a country as the most dominant factor when rating and aligning countries on the international index. Such Indicators include income of an average citizen and education. Nations that rank higher on this index usually would have a higher level of education, a higher lifespan, better chances for jobs, a healthier living style than nations with a lower score.
Norway for instance can be described as one of the most successful societies in the world and the highest achieving country in the United nation’s human development index, ranking number 1 for 12 out of the last 15 years! That in my opinion is a result of Norways usage of the principles of evolution as a country as well as the contribution of residents as effective individuals.
that helped build a society with the highest levels of social equality in Norways community, Whereas the countrys social system provides free education and healthcare to all citizens.
Keep in mind that the lack of discrimination in Norway between students with limited wealth and wealthier students can be demonstrated by stating that school exam results do not seem to show much discrepancy between both groups which as it is backs up my point education wise, But Norway doesnt seem to stop there, in fact the country has also shown no favouritism in neither gender or work ethics and hours since Norway achieved gender equality, with men and women both being able to leave to care for a newborn child. As well as leaving all workers a long paid vacation, leave alone decreasing the daily working hours Norway in that way achieves standardized levels of fairness and development as a country and that is definitely enough to win highest on the scale the United nations and the world health organization has created because living in a fair and positive environment be it school, work, or your neighbourhood or just having both you parents growing up can effect someone’s mental wellbeing which as a resultant effects an individuals overall health
Although social and economic development in a country are of great importance the world health organization has not only chose Norway top 1 worldwide because of its immense equality between gender, age, wealth, etc. like stated above but also because of reasons such as the government’s contribution to the Norwegian society and that is by maintaining/creating a substantial health insurance system that ensures all residents of Norway have the right to access healthcare services. Although treatment is not free, there is an annual limit (currently just over 2,000kr) on how much an individual must pay for healthcare, However, once a person reaches the limit they receive an exemption card which entitles them to free treatment for the remainder of the year. So now Norways per capita expenditure on healthcare is recognized the highest in the world for example all public hospitals and the greatest number of the few privately owned hospitals are run by the four regional health authorities in the country overseen of course by the ministry of health and care services
Whereas an example of a low country on the human development index would be Niger, since it has been rated the lowest score on the human development index recently because unlike many other developed countries about 33% of all Niger people in the early 20th century suffered from malnutrition which is the lack of proper nutrition and that is because they either didnt have anything to eat or could not eat the proper food the human body needs especially considering children are often the most vulnerable during the frequent droughts that occur in lands in Niger that are used for growing crops which is the citizens main source of food, and that makes these elements of droughts, floods, or other natural disasters the main cause of Nigers poverty. so sure, with a score of 0.354 they have tried to create innovative ideas like mining gold, uranium, and oil and trading these precious elements to obtain clean drinking water but there is still unfortunately about 65% (which equals to 7 million people) that are not provided with water to drink yet and that is due to Nigers habit to pursue their agriculture techniques like the art of raising farm animals and growing crops. Natural disasters and unpredictable climate patterns are especially threatening since again Most of Nigers crops are rain-fed and that makes them vulnerable in the sectors of the country that are victims of such hazards. Other than the citizens health it appears that education is not the countrys strongest suit since about 75% of them are illiterate meaning they can’t read or write so imagine If the head of the household lacks a basic education, then the children in a family will most likely lack the same educational opportunities as their parents and that will lead to successful futures and lost knowledge that could have paid a contribution to the society when becoming older. Then moving on to economically again about 7 million of them linger below the international line of poverty with only 1$ a day for a living and if the parents fail to feed their kids then these kids will suffer from not malnutrition and not for the first time
In my eyes and probably many others Norway and Niger would definitely classify as very different countries in the range of development and most importantly in the health industry and that is because of the following: Norway is considered a very developed country while Niger is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world After all Nigers lack of economic development effects the citizens health. Secondly, the governments contribution in such matters always plays a powerful part in residents health insurance, as you may have read above Norways health authorities across the country help run both public and private hospitals and of course the wealth or the income a person gets does not matter in case of emergencies in which sick patients do not have to carry the burden of repaying their debts to the hospitals, while the government of Niger does not seem to have that big or a role when coming to the suffocating of young kids and the lack of education in the country, since they unfortunately do not have the resources and their geographical location being one that allows a variety of natural hazards to occur which goes against the countries remaining habits of agriculture.
Project, Borgen. Top Three Causes of Poverty in Niger. The Borgen Project, Borgen Project 1 Aug. 2017, borgenproject.org/top-3-causes-of-poverty-in-niger/.
Nikel, David, et al. Healthcare in Norway. Life in Norway, 1 Feb. 2018, www.lifeinnorway.net/healthcare/.
Niger. GFDRR, www.gfdrr.org/en/niger.
Connor, Matthew. Low HDI Country: Niger. Prezi.com, 21 Apr. 2010, prezi.com/d1o1x1ot_2so/low-hdi-country-niger/.
Human Development Reports. | Human Development Reports, hdr.undp.org/en/composite/HDI.