Article #1 Dialectical behavior therapy and suicidal behavior in adolescence: Linking developmental theory and practice.This article focuses on the interaction of the parent-child relationship and how adolescents coping skills as it relates to their emotions. Per American psychologist Marsha M. Linehan’s biosocial theory emotional susceptibility is organically based and present from birth. From now on it is recommended that unsuccessful exchanges between young caregivers may lead to shortcomings in the control skills of a small child which can lead to adulthood.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy or DBT focuses on the biological theory to eliminate self – injurious behaviors by teaching more adaptive coping skills to reduce emotional dysregulation. Evidence for the biosocial model from the perspective of developmental psychopathology has been recently reviewed. At birth, children have inadequate resources to reconcile emotions and are therefore dependent on caregivers to regulate emotional distress.Suicide attempts and self- inflicted acts are developed, per Linehan as a means of managing severe emotional deregulation in the nonappearance of more effective coping methods.
The acquisition of emotional control skills takes place about the interactions between the child and the caregiver from childhood to adolescence. Children transition over time from early dependence on caregivers for emotional regulation to independent emotional distress management using internal strategies later in development consequently, the child does not learn to properly identify or control emotional reactions.Article #2Using Rituals for Intervention RefinementThe objective of this article is to describe the role rituals can play in shaping an individual’s health and healthy way of life throughout his/her lifetime. The assumption that developmental transitions are based on age, developmental stage and social transitions standards and expectations assume that age-differentiated social phenomena differ from the biologically influenced life cycle. It’s believed that cultural adaptation is important and that not all cultural practices are healthy. While the roles of biology cannot be ignored, there needs to be an understanding of how biological development patterns connect with cultural practices to impact health behaviors and outcomes to expand a deeper understanding of the way of life in different populations. Knowledge of key cultural practices is essential to promote persistent behavioral change; emphasis is placed on developmental milestones through key cultural traits and rituals that have been used over the years and across societies to influence behavior during developmental stages. Health behaviors are influenced by the contextual realities of cultural, ethnic and family groups. Rituals surrounding passage rites Passage rites mean family developmental mastery. The theoretical basis of the proposed model Significant research and thought reports strongly support the serious need for health promotion and disease prevention in community settings across all age groups and in development milestones. A strong focus on the family and the unique developmental trajectory of each member and the belief that rituals can not only contribute to the functioning of the family but can also play a key role in promoting sustainable changes in healthy behavior. You can involve young children in the selection of healthy food for meal preparation. Lifelong learning and development are not just individual events.Article #3Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Attachment Security in Late AdulthoodThe objective of this article was to explain how the tradition of social psychological measurement proposed that one’s orientation towards romantic relationships reflected the expression of important differences in attachment in adulthood. The focus of the developmental tradition has evolved from investigative interviews with mothers following their participation in the classical ” Strange Situation ” studies of Ainsworth. The article suggests that existing self – disclosure measures for adult attachment security may be less appropriate for use with older adults who may face unique threats to their attachment security, unlike the young adult populations that initially built and approved these measures. Many older adults may have suffered the loss of a spouse or live alone and may view existing disclosure measures of adult attachment security that highlight attitudes towards romantic partners that are less remarkable in their current lives. These measures do not address life-stage threats to relational security that may be more prominent for older adults, such as anxiety about death, impairment due to age and/or health losses, and older adults increasingly dependent on their adult children and younger family members for their own security needs. The changes suggest that in older adult-adult child relationships older adults give up some personal freedom to accept care from their adult children and relatives. The experience of security of attachment in late life can depend on the adequacy of the efforts of older adults to maintain a sense of freedom and social relevance in seeking and receiving the necessary care from younger family members.Article #4Stress and self-esteem in adolescence predict physical activity and sedentary behavior in adulthoodIn this article, early psychological stress affects health behaviors by the mechanism of impaired self-regulation. Sedentary behavior increases and physical activity decreases in adulthood, making it essential to understand the factors that influence health behavior continuity throughout this transition to prevent obesity and other poor health outcomes in adulthood. To maintain a healthy weight, high levels of physical activity and low sedentary behavior are important.Exposure to stressors such as poverty and mistreatment at an early age has been identified as contributing to poor adult health outcomes. The behavioral and biological model offers an integrated developmental approach for the clarification of risk mechanisms. Unfortunately, most teenagers do not meet the weekly recommended levels of physical activity and spend about half of their free time in sedentary activities.In the article titled,” Dialectical behavior therapy and suicidal behavior in adolescence: Linking developmental theory and practice”, by Cameron L. Neece, Michele S. Berk, and Lindsey A. Combs-Ronto, addresses the issues with directing feelings and the fundamental reasons for self-destructive and self-hurt conduct. In this way, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) was created to enhance feeling control aptitudes. The creator’s primary case is _ shortfalls in feeling direction underlie numerous self-destructive and self-hurt practices. The creator contends that feeling control capacities create with regards to the parent” youngster relationship and all things considered, this formative procedure has been disturbed for self-destructive youth. In end, I feel it is important that mediations gone for decreasing self-destructive and self-hurt practices focus on the youthful, parent, and the dyadic relationship.The article titled,” Using Rituals for Intervention Refinement”, by C. Keller, K. Coe, and G. Shaibi, depicts a real existence course point of view and spotlights on the job ceremonies can play in molding a person’s wellbeing and wellbeing practices all through his/her life expectancy. The creators accept that a real existence course point of view and learning of the key social practice are fundamental for advancing conduct change that perseveres, this model places an accentuation on formative advances and achievements by illustration on key social attributes ” ceremonies – that have been utilized through time and crosswise over social orders to impact conduct amid those formative stages. The creator contends that social fitting is critical, it likewise ought to be perceived that not every single social practice is restorative. I feel that customs have persevered because they were based upon organic underpinnings and had a beneficial outcome. understanding the customs can yield experiences and methodologies that are of viable incentive in the present.The article titled, “Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Attachment Security in Late Adulthood”, by Frederick G. Lopez, established grown-ups have for the most part depended on self-report estimates that were approved on youthful grown-up tests and that emphasis on fears of dismissal by sentimental accomplices and on encounters of interminable inconvenience with sentimental closeness as the key markers of grown-up connection security. The creator expected that not at all like their more youthful grown-up partners, more seasoned grown-ups may confront life organize related dangers to their connection security, for example, declining wellbeing and self-governance, spousal misfortune, and expanded reliance on more youthful relatives for instrumental and enthusiastic help. The creator utilized research from the Late Adulthood Attachment Scale (LAAS) to help his cases. In my opinion, the discoveries from the examinations bolster the psychometric ampleness of the LAAS as an elective proportion of connection security for use with more seasoned grown-up tests.The final article titled,” Stress and self-esteem in adolescence predict physical activity and sedentary behavior in adulthood “, author Jocelyn Smith Carter depicts how connection hypothesis guided investigations of more seasoned grown-ups have claimed that stressors in puberty anticipate increments in stationary conduct and diminishes in physical movement amid the change to adulthood. The creator contends that high confidence shields youth from increments in inactive conduct and diminishes in physical movement amid the change to adulthood. In the end, the creator finds that inactive conduct and physical action don’t anticipate changes in confidence after some time.When doing research for this paper and reading the four articles, I learned that the ability of minors to cope and the effects it has on their emotions, how different cultures shape people’s health and lifestyle, how romantic relationships highlight important differences in adulthood. Most emotions and ability to cope are present at birth. The way in which a child reacts to various daily changes affects the way of life from childhood to adulthood. Rituals can play a role in shaping the way of life of an individual’s health and health throughout his / her life. Having a healthy active lifestyle can greatly affect the way we are mentally and physically as adults. Leading a sedentary adolescent lifestyle can have a negative impact on people’s health as an adult. The study I completed and what was studied in this class have similarities. The similarities in the research I completed and we studied during this class were how the relationship between parent and child can have a positive or negative effect on the way the child handles stress every day. It can have a positive effect on how children deal with stress, depending on how the parent addresses the emotions of their children and their expressiveness. The second similarity that I found was passage rites is important because they give meaning and structure to daily life If parents respond negatively, children cannot cope with everyday pressures, because when parents respond with criticism or dismiss a child’s sadness or anger, perhaps they just know that their emotions are not valid or appropriate, so that children are even more susceptible to negative feelings and therefore unable to cope. I also discovered that not all passage rites are happy experiences. A rite of passage could be a loss, such as loss of a loved one or a first serious medical diagnosis. They build who we are as people, how others see us and how we see the world. Passage rites are helping us to understand life. Passage rites show us who we are as unique people of culture. Another similarity I discovered that the link between a sedentary lifestyle as an adolescent and the long-term effects of this lifestyle on adulthood was between my research and what we covered in this class. We learned in class that a sedentary lifestyle can adversely affect your mood and increase your risk of anxiety. The chances of developing a disease are greatly increased, adults are forgotten, have a low sex drive and sleep problems. The big difference I found between my research and what we classified as the level of independence of older adults. In class, we discussed some myths about old age and how many older adults worked, traveled and lived on their own today. It talks about romantic relationships in my researched article.Based on my course readings the developmental theories that I found that applied to these four articles are Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development. His theory emphasizes the socio-cultural predictors of development and portrays them as eight stages of psychosocial conflicts that all individuals must overcome or effectively rectify in terms of contributing to the environment. Per the theory of Erik Erikson, we all encounter a certain crisis that contributes to our psychosocial growth at every stage of psychosocial development in Erikson. Whenever we experience such a crisis, we have little choice but to face it and to find innovative ways to solve it. Failure to overcome such crises can have huge impacts on our psychosocial development.The lifespan perspective can provide a way to better understand the research I have examined by providing a framework for a better understanding of aging. The main purpose of the theory in the study of aging is to define and clarify the regular transformations taking place at some point for representative people living under representative conditions. Theories have been used in the study of aging to organize research findings and general observations or intuitions about aging and the elderly.