Ancient Greek Medicine

Overlap of Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman Medicine refers to the last paragraph of uploaded document for prompt of the paper. read whole paper though for more clarity.

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The Legacy of Treatment by Opposition

Throughout the centuries since man discovered the art of medicine or was rather given the skills by mythic figures like Chiron, the practice and procedures used to cure and maintain certain ailments have continuously evolved over time. The notable and very foundational aspect of Hippocratic medicine, the four humours and its consequential theory of opposition, is a point of knowledge that we see absorbed into the techniques that the Romans accepted in their practice of ancient medicine. It is known that as the Roman Empire expanded and enveloped the nation of ancient Greece, they adopted much of the knowledge the Greeks manifested in their society and everyday practices. Well-accredited physician and intellectual of Roman medicine, William A. Scott, stated in his writings of The Practice of Medicine in Ancient Rome that, “the practice of medicine began as a mixture of magic and religion…” (287).

This description of how Roman medical practice came to be is a near-mirror of the structure and method by which Greek medicine was studied and used to treat illness. In Greek medicine, we have seen a myriad of texts that describe the religious or divine nature in which they believed illness would befall the population. Famine and plague were thought to rise from a bad harvest as punishment by the gods for mans’ impious nature. In Homer’s Iliad, there is a reference to an individual, Philoctetes, whose injuries from a snake bite were thought to be the product of divine intervention.

More applicable to this discussion is the overlap that exists in the technicalities that established the practices of Roman medicine and its various sects post-conquest of ancient Greece. The theory of treatment by the opposition was developed by Hippocrates and his son-in-law, Polybos, in ancient Greece as a logical way for combating and curing the various diseases that befell the people of the nation. The concept was adapted by the various guilds of practitioners, namely by individuals like Soranus who was more Methodist in his practice. In this paper, I would discuss the similarities and distinctions that exist between Greek medicine and its respective methods of approach through a study of Roman medical procedure and knowledge. For more information on Ancient Greek Medicine check on this:

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